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Yucca House National Monument

  • Jackson's View of the Upper House at "Aztec Spring"

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    William H. Jackson's famous photo taken in 1874 is one of the earliest known images of the Yucca House site, showing more extensive standing walls than now exist. The view is to the southeast with Mesa Verde in the background and Capt. John T. Moss standing in front of a wall near the center.
    Jackson's View of the Upper House at "Aztec Spring"
  • Yucca House National Monument
  • Cyber-Montage of Yucca House Pueblo

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    This "virtual reality" reconstruction of Yucca House by Dennis R. Holloway, Architect, looks east with the Mesa Verde escarpment in the background. It is based on mapping by Crow Canyon Archaeological Center and photography by Adriel Heisey.
    Cyber-Montage of Yucca House Pueblo
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Fred M. Blackburn, The Wetherills: Friends of Mesa Verde (Durango, CO: Durango Herald Small Press, 2006).

Whitman Cross, The Laccolithic Mountain Groups of Colorado, Utah, and Arizona, Department of Interior, US Geological Survey (Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1895).

Jesse W. Fewkes, Letter to Mr. Albright Regarding the Origins of the Name Yucca House, letter on file, Mesa Verde National Park, 1919.

Jesse W. Fewkes, Prehistoric Villages, Castles, and Towers, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 70 (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1919).

Donna M. Glowacki, “Yucca House (5MT5006) Mapping Project Report,” unpublished manuscript on file, Mesa Verde National Park and Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, Cortez, CO, 2001.

William H. Holmes, A Notice of the Ancient Ruins of Southwestern Colorado, Examined During the Summer of 1875, extracted from Bulletin of the Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, vol. II, no. 1 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1876).

William H. Jackson, “Report of W. H. Jackson on Ancient Ruins in Southwestern Colorado,” in Eighth Annual Report of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, Embracing Colorado and Parts of Adjacent Territories; Being a Report of Progress of the Exploration for the Year 1874, F. V. Hayden, United States Geologist (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1876).

William D. Lipe and Mark D. Varien, “Pueblo III (A.D. 1150–1300),” in Colorado Prehistory: A Context for the Southern Colorado River Basin, eds. William D. Lipe, Mark D. Varien, and R. H. Wilshusen (Denver: Colorado Council of Professional Archaeologists, 1999).

Robert C. McBride and Diane E. McBride, “Cultural Resource Survey of the Bernard and Nancy Karwick Property, Montezuma County, Colorado: A Study of the Greater Yucca House Community,” unpublished paper submitted to History Colorado, Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation, Denver, 2014.

Frank McNitt, Richard Wetherill: Anasazi, Pioneer Explorer of the Southwestern Ruins (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1966).

Mesa Verde National Park, “Management Plan, Statement for Management, Yucca House National Monument,” unpublished report on file, Mesa Verde National Park, 1987.

Scott G. Ortman, Winds from the North: Tewa Origins and Historical Anthropology (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2012).

Robert P. Powers, William B. Gillespie, and Stephen H. Lekson, The Outlier Survey: A Regional View of Settlement in the San Juan Basin, Division of Cultural Research, National Park Service (Albuquerque: US Department of the Interior, 1983).

Douglas Ramsey, A. Price, and D. Curtis, “Preliminary Information from the Cortez Soil Survey Area,” United States Department of Agriculture (Cortez, CO: Soil Conservation Service, 1990).

Additional Information: 

Donna M. Glowacki, Living and Leaving: A Social History of Regional Depopulation in Thirteenth-Century Mesa Verde (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2015).

Dennis R. Holloway, “Yucca House, Four Corners Ancestral Puebloan, A.D. 1150-1300, near Towaoc, Colorado,” 2009.

Yucca House National Monument, Colorado,” National Park Service, last modified November 17, 2015.