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Earth Lodge

  • Drawings of Hidatsa Earth Lodge

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    Cross-section (upper) and elevation (lower) drawings of an Hidatsa earth lodge, recorded by anthropologist Gilbert L. Wilson.
    Drawings of Hidatsa Earth Lodge
  • Modern Earth Lodge

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    Replica Mandan earth lodge at the Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site.
    Modern Earth Lodge
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Kevin P. Gilmore, “Late Prehistoric Stage (A.D. 150–1540),” in Colorado Prehistory: A Context for the Platt River Basin, ed. Kevin P. Gilmore, Marcia Tate, Mark L. Chenault, Bonnie Clark, Terri McBride, and Margaret Wood (Denver: Colorado Council of Professional Archaeologists, 1999).

James H. Gunnerson, Archaeology of the High Plains, Cultural Resource Series No. 19 (Lakewood, CO: Bureau of Land Management, 1987).

Peter Nabokov and Robert Easton, Native American Architecture (Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1989).

Donna C. Roper, “100° W Longitude: Exploring Cultural Dynamics at the Western Edge of the Central Plains,” Central Plains Archaeology 11, no. 1 (2009).

Donna C. Roper and Elizabeth P. Pauls, Plains Earthlodges (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2005).

Laura L. Scheiber, “Intersecting Landscapes in Northeastern Colorado,” in Archaeological Landscapes on the High Plains, ed. Laura L. Scheiber and Bonnie Clark (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2008).

Waldo R. Wedel, “Plains Village Tradition,” in Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 13: Plains, ed. Raymond J. DeMallie (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2001).

Gilbert L. Wilson, The Hidatsa Earthlodge, ed. Bella Weitzner (New York: The American Museum of Natural History, 1934).

Additional Information: 

E. Steve Cassells, The Archaeology of Colorado, rev. ed. (Boulder, CO: Johnson Publishing, 1997).

National Park Service, “Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site, North Dakota,” updated December 16, 2015.

New World Encyclopedia, “Earth Lodge,” updated July 22, 2014.

North Dakota State University, “On-A-Slant Virtual Village.”

Waldo R. Wedel, Central Plains Prehistory (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1986).