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Franktown Cave

  • Middle Ceramic Period Moccasin from Franktown Cave

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    Complete Promontory culture bison hide moccasin. This artifact was thought to have been manufactured by the ancestral Apache around AD 1160-1280.
    Middle Ceramic Period Moccasin from Franktown Cave
  • Reconstructed Early Ceramic Period Pot

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    Early Ceramic period reconstructed ceramic vessel from Franktown Cave. The exterior of the pot A sherd from this pot was AMS dated to AD 660-880.
    Reconstructed Early Ceramic Period Pot
  • Middle Archaic Period Sandal
  • Middle Ceramic Period Netted Hoop

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    This Promontory Culture hoop is made from a willow twig that was bent into a circle and used as a frame to weave a sinew net. This object may have been used to play the hoop game, where small feathered darts were thrown at the hoop as it rolled across the ground.    
    Middle Ceramic Period Netted Hoop
  • Franktown Cave Site Overview
  • Franktown Cave Excavation Crew, 1956
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Body

References: 

James M. Adovasio and D. R. Pedler, “A Tisket, a Tasket: Looking at the Numic Speakers Through the ‘Lens’ of a Basket,” in Across the West: Human Population Movement and the Expansion of the Numa, ed. David B. Madsen and David Rhode (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1994).

Michael Billinger and John W. Ives, “Inferring Demographic Structure With Moccasin Size Data From the Promontory Caves, Utah,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 156 (January 2015).

Kevin P. Gilmore, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form for the Franktown Cave Site (5DA272), Douglas County, Colorado (Denver: Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation, History Colorado, 2005).

Kevin P. Gilmore, John Ives, and Sean Larmore, “Promontory on the Plains: An Examination of Material Culture Similarities Between the Great Basin and Eastern Colorado and the Implications for Apachean Migration” (paper presented at the annual meeting of the Colorado Council of Professional Archaeologists, Glenwood Springs, Colorado, March 22, 2014), DOI: 10.13140/2.1.3350.8800.

Kevin P. Gilmore, Marcia J. Tate, Mark L. Chenault, Bonnie J. Clark, Terry McBride, and Margaret Wood, Colorado Prehistory: A Context for the Platte River Basin, Colorado Council of Professional Archaeologists Series (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1999).

Additional Information: 

John W. Ives, Duane G. Froese, Joel C. Janetski, Fiona Brock, and Christopher Bronk Ramsey, “A High Resolution Chronology for Steward’s Promontory Culture Collections, Promontory Point, Utah,” American Antiquity 79 (October 2014).

Anthony King, “Substance Dynamics and Stone Tools at Franktown Cave, Colorado” (master’s thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Denver, 2006).

Helen M. Pustmueller, “Notched Projectile Points From Franktown Cave: Classification and Traditional and Statistical Analysis” (master’s thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Denver, 1977).

Allison N. Rexroth, “Prehistoric Sandals of the Southern High Plains: Indicators of Cultural Affinity and Change” (master’s thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Denver, 2010).

University of Alberta, Institute of Prairie Archaeology, “IPA Research In the News.”

University of Denver, “Kevin Gilmore, DU Portfolio,” updated September 9, 2014.

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