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Political Economy

Colorado and the Four Wests: An Introduction to the Political Economy Section

Added by yongli on 04/24/2017 - 14:28, last changed on 11/11/2019 - 10:36

Coal Miners on Strike

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Why has Colorado’s economy experienced booms and busts? Which Coloradans have profited the most from the state’s natural and human resources? In what ways have Colorado’s cities, towns, and regions competed against one another to secure investment, migration, and authority—and how have they...

1908 Democratic National Convention

Added by yongli on 08/30/2016 - 10:23, last changed on 02/14/2020 - 15:22
In 1908 the Democratic Party held its national convention in Denver to nominate candidates for president and vice president. The 1908 convention was the political culmination of a half-century of development in the city and the last time Denver would host the convention until 2008. It also marked...

August Meyer

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 14:42, last changed on 03/13/2020 - 14:42
August Robert Meyer (1851–1905) was a mining engineer who played a central role in starting Leadville ’s silver boom in the late 1870s. Meyer recognized the value of the area’s lead carbonate ores, built a smelter , developed local infrastructure, and helped organize the new city. After leaving...

Colorado Constitution

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 16:01, last changed on 03/13/2020 - 16:01
The Colorado Constitution establishes the basic framework of the state’s government. Written and ratified in 1876, it has served as the state’s original and only constitution. As in other states, ultimate power rests with the people and is exercised by their representatives in the executive ,...

Colorado Fuel & Iron

Added by yongli on 09/29/2016 - 16:45, last changed on 10/29/2019 - 10:33
The Colorado Fuel and Iron Company (CF&I) was a coal and steel company based in Denver and Pueblo . Most of its coal mines were located in southern Colorado. Its only steel mill was located in Pueblo. The firm came into existence as a result of a merger between the Colorado Coal and Iron...

Colorado Gold Rush

Added by yongli on 05/06/2016 - 14:50, last changed on 01/07/2020 - 16:58
The discovery of gold near present-day Denver in 1858–59 drew thousands of people to present-day Colorado, prompting the political organization of first a US territory and later a state. Many current cities and towns, including Denver , Boulder , Black Hawk , Breckenridge , and Central City , were...

Colorado in World War I

Added by yongli on 09/13/2017 - 14:17, last changed on 02/14/2020 - 13:26
As Europe stumbled into war in late July and early August 1914, Coloradans viewed the conflict with mixed emotions. Some favored the English, French, Italians, Russians, and their allies. Others preferred the Germans and Austrians and their friends. The divisions were predictable. The 1910 federal...

Colorado’s Second Fur Trade

Added by yongli on 10/06/2016 - 16:33, last changed on 12/02/2019 - 01:07
Colorado’s “Second Fur Trade ” was typified by the burgeoning popularity of mink fur coats, a luxury item that enjoyed great popularity during the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s. As one of Colorado’s leading productive industries for several decades, mink farming is an example of the state’s transition...

David H. Moffat

Added by yongli on 01/30/2017 - 11:14, last changed on 01/23/2020 - 01:07
David Halliday Moffat (1839–1911) left a lasting impression on Colorado from his involvement in many industries, including banking, mining, and railroads. Through his civic involvement in Denver , Moffat helped the city develop financially and industrially. His most significant contribution to...

Denver Ordnance Plant

Added by yongli on 04/27/2017 - 11:21, last changed on 10/07/2019 - 12:12
The Denver Ordnance Plant in Lakewood produced ammunition during World War II . The plant was the largest federal project in Colorado history before its conversion into the Federal Center , which today houses dozens of government agencies. Beginnings The federal government announced plans for a...

Denver Tramway Strike of 1920

Added by yongli on 08/11/2016 - 13:15, last changed on 02/14/2020 - 15:25
The Denver Tramway Strike of 1920 typified the active militancy of many labor unions during the early 1900s. The strike brought the conversation surrounding labor relations to the forefront of Denver politics and would influence the larger labor landscape for decades to come. Today the strike is...

Henry Teller

Added by yongli on 08/12/2016 - 14:09, last changed on 01/18/2020 - 09:47
Henry Moore Teller (1830–1914) was a successful Colorado businessman, lawyer, and politician. His business and legal interests, which included mining and helping to organize the Colorado Central Railroad , were surpassed only by his political achievements. Teller served five full terms as US...

J. Quigg Newton

Added by yongli on 01/30/2017 - 16:28, last changed on 12/29/2017 - 08:02
James Quigg Newton, Jr. (1911–2003) was a distinguished lawyer, politician, and philanthropist who served as mayor of Denver (1947–55), president of the University of Colorado (CU; 1956–63), and the head of several national charitable foundations. As mayor, Newton modernized Denver’s city...

Josephine Roche

Added by yongli on 03/31/2017 - 14:56, last changed on 12/29/2017 - 08:09
Josephine Aspinwall Roche (1886–1976) was a Colorado industrialist, labor advocate, and politician known for her role in reforming the Colorado coal industry in the 1930s. The daughter of a wealthy coal baron, Roche improved miners’ working conditions and pay when she took over the Rocky Mountain...

Ludlow Massacre

Added by yongli on 09/29/2016 - 16:39, last changed on 01/10/2018 - 01:07
The Ludlow Massacre began on the morning of April 20, 1914, when a battle broke out between the Colorado National Guard and striking coal miners at their tent colony outside of Ludlow in Las Animas County . Nobody knows who fired the first shot, but the incident is remembered as a massacre because...

Nathaniel Peter Hill

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 16:02, last changed on 01/18/2020 - 10:07
Nathaniel Peter Hill (1832–1900) was a mining entrepreneur and US senator from Colorado. In the 1860s, Hill, an accomplished chemist and metallurgist, bought mining interests in Black Hawk and developed the first successful smelter in Colorado, revolutionizing the mining industry in the fledgling...

New Deal in Colorado

Added by yongli on 08/03/2016 - 13:44, last changed on 11/19/2019 - 10:40
As the United States entered the third year of a great economic depression triggered by the 1929 stock market crash, many Americans put their hope in President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and his pledge to give them a “new deal.” During his first term (1933–37), he pushed Congress to pass legislation...

Otto Mears

Added by yongli on 01/16/2020 - 16:13, last changed on 03/18/2020 - 13:17
Otto Mears (1840–1931) was a Colorado businessman who played a key role in the removal of the state’s Ute Indians and is best known for building more than 450 miles of toll roads and railroads on the Utes’ former lands in the southern and southwestern parts of the state. Called the “Pathfinder of...

Populism in Colorado

Added by yongli on 01/31/2017 - 12:51, last changed on 10/15/2019 - 09:51
Populism was a third-party political movement of the 1890s that left an enduring imprint on Colorado history. The Populist or People’s Party was especially strong in the south, Midwest, and west because it focused on the grievances of farmers, workers, and members of what Populists called “the...

Progressive Era in Colorado

Added by yongli on 01/14/2020 - 15:30, last changed on 02/14/2020 - 15:19
The Progressive Era (1900–20) was a national period of social and political reform in which grassroots activists and their political allies sought the power of government and science to address pressing public problems. In Colorado, Progressives brought significant political and social changes to...

Rocky Flats Nuclear Facility

Added by Greg Vogl on 02/04/2015 - 09:22, last changed on 10/30/2019 - 12:25
Rocky Flats is a gravelly, narrow floodplain cut by gullies as it slopes from the Rocky Mountain foothills into the plains just northwest of Denver . Unlike many places, its name is known more for what was manufactured there than for its geology. Today it is a national wildlife refuge, but for...

Shenandoah-Dives Mining Company

Added by yongli on 09/21/2016 - 15:34, last changed on 11/13/2019 - 11:43
The Shenandoah-Dives Mining Company was active in the San Juan Mountains from the 1930s through the 1960s. As one of the largest mining operations in the region during the twentieth century, the company’s history exemplifies the boom and bust cycles and labor strife that were common in Colorado’s...

Ski Industry

Added by yongli on 09/13/2017 - 14:40, last changed on 10/07/2019 - 13:23
Colorado’s ski industry anchors the state’s thriving tourist economy. Built primarily on national forest lands, the state’s numerous ski resorts attract upwards of 12 million visitors annually, generating billions in revenue. Introduced to the state in the late nineteenth century, downhill skiing’s...

Susan B. Anthony

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 11:35, last changed on 01/15/2020 - 11:35
Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906) was a well-known civil rights activist and prominent leader of the women’s suffrage movement . She made her first visit to Colorado in 1877 to advocate for women’s suffrage before an upcoming referendum. Although she spent little time in Colorado, Susan B. Anthony...

The Rocky Mountain Fleet

Added by yongli on 01/23/2017 - 11:09, last changed on 08/31/2017 - 07:32
During World War II, Denver ’s war production industry expanded to include the production of ship parts bound for assembly on the West Coast. Known colloquially as “the Rocky Mountain Fleet,” dozens of ships would eventually see production at the Colorado works. Today, the Rocky Mountain Fleet...

The Sugar Beet Industry

Added by yongli on 11/02/2015 - 16:15, last changed on 10/16/2019 - 13:29
Today sugar beet production is a small part of Colorado’s economy, but in the twentieth century it was the most important agricultural activity in the state. Of more than twenty sugar-refining factories, most built between 1899 and 1920, only the Fort Morgan factory remains in operation. In recent...

Verner Zevola Reed

Added by yongli on 04/27/2017 - 12:46, last changed on 03/01/2020 - 01:07
Verner Zevola Reed (1863–1919) was one of Colorado’s most successful businessmen, playing a central role in the development of mining operations during the Cripple Creek Gold Rush and for the US oil industry. Early Life and Business Ventures Born in 1863 on an Ohio farm,...
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