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Rocky Mountain Elk

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    Elk in grassy field. 
    Rocky Mountain Elk
  • Rocky Mountain Elk



David M. Armstrong, Rock Mountain Mammals: A Handbook of Mammals of Rocky Mountain National Park and Vicinity, 3rd ed. (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2008).

Rob Blair and George Bracksieck eds., The Eastern San Juan Mountains: Their Geology, Ecology, and Human History (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2011).

Additional Information: 

Carl Abbott, Stephen J. Leonard, and Thomas J. Noel, Colorado: A History of the Centennial State, 5th ed. (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2013).

David M. Armstrong, James P. Fitzgerald, and Carron A. Meaney, Mammals of Colorado 2nd ed. (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2011).

William L. Baker et al., “The Effects of Elk on Aspen in the Winter Range in Rocky Mountain National Park,” Ecography 20, no. 2 (April 1997).

Pete Barrows and Judith Holmes, Colorado’s Wildlife Story. (Denver: Colorado Division of Wildlife, 1990).

Jerry J. Frank, Making Rocky Mountain National Park: The Environmental History of an American Treasure (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2013).

Bruce C. Lubow et al., “Dynamics of Interacting Elk Populations Within and Adjacent to Rocky Mountain National Park,” The Journal of Wildlife Management, 66, no. 3 (July, 2002).

Dale E. Toweill and Jack Ward Thomas, eds., North American Elk: Ecology and Management (Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2002).