You are here

Elk Culling

Share to



William L. Baker, Jennifer A. Munroe, and Amy E. Hessel, “The Effects of Elk on Aspen in the Winter Range in Rocky Mountain National Park,” Ecography 20 (1997).

Jerry J. Frank, Making Rocky Mountain National Park: The Environmental History of an American Treasure (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2013).

Andrew Gulliford, “Wolves Are Already Headed for Colorado. Let’s Make It Official,” High Country News (Writers on the Range), February 23, 2016.

Kerry A. Gunther and Roy A. Renkin, “Grizzly Bear Predation on Elk Calves and Other Fauna of Yellowstone National Park,” Bears: Their Biology and Management 8 (February 1990).

Anne F. Hyde, Empires, Nations, and Families: A New History of The North American West, 1800–1860 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2011).

National Park Service, “Elk History in Rocky Mountain National Park,” n.d.

National Park Service, “Elk and Vegetation Management Plan Fact Sheet,” August 2012.

National Park Service, “Rocky Mountain National Park: Elk and Vegetation Management Plan” (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 2007).

Adam Pérou Hermans et al., “Wolf Reintroduction: Ecological Management and the Substitution Problem,” Ecological Restoration 32, no. 3 (2014).

Elliot West, The Contested Plains: Indians, Goldseekers, and the Rush to Colorado (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998).

Wilderness Act, Public Law 88-577, 88th Cong., 2nd sess. (September 3, 1964).

William Wyckoff, Creating Colorado: The Making of a Western American Landscape, 1860–1940 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999).

Additional Information: 

David N. Cole and Laurie Yung, eds., Beyond Naturalness: Rethinking Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Rapid Change (Washington: Island Press, 2010).

Peter J. Fix et al. “Assessing Public Acceptance of Wildlife Management Trade-Offs: A Case Study of Elk and Vegetation Management in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado,” Human Dimensions of Wildlife: An International Journal 15, no. 6 (2010).

Mark Harvey, Wilderness Forever: Howard Zahniser and the Path to the Wilderness Act (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2014).

Eric Higgs et al., “The Changing Role of History in Restoration Ecology,” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12, no. 9 (November, 2014).

Richard J. Hobbs et al., “Guiding Concepts for Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Global Environmental Change,” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8, no. 9 (November, 2010).

Bruce C. Lubow et al., “Dynamics of Interacting Elk Populations Within and Adjacent to Rocky Mountain National Park,” Journal of Wildlife Management 66, no. 3 (2002).

Bonnie Stepenoff, “Wild Lands and Wonders: Preserving Nature and Culture in National Parks,” in Cultural Landscapes: Balancing Nature and Heritage in Preservation Practice, ed. Richard Longstreth (University of Minnesota Press, 2008).

Gerald R. Wright, “Wildlife Management in the National Parks: Questions in Search of Answers,” Ecological Applications 9, no. 1 (February, 1999).