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Raton Pass

  • Railroad Tunnel under Raton Pass

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    The Atchison, Topeka, & Santa Fe Railroad built the first railroad to Raton Pass in 1878 and opened a tunnel under the pass in 1879. A second tunnel built in 1908 still operates today, serving Amtrak passenger trains that use the route.
    Railroad Tunnel under Raton Pass
  • Interstate 25 at Raton Pass

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    Today Interstate 25 takes travelers quickly and easily over Raton Pass using roughly the same route as the toll road that Richens Wootton constructed in 1866.
    Interstate 25 at Raton Pass
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Richard Greenwood, “Raton Pass,” National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form (February 10, 1975).

Jared V. Harper and John R. Signor, Santa Fe’s Raton Pass, 2nd ed. (Midwest City, OK: Santa Fe Railway Historical and Modeling Society, 2010).

Stephen G. Hyslop, Bound for Santa Fe: The Road to New Mexico and the American Conquest, 1806–1848 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002).

Janet Lecompte, “The Mountain Branch: Raton Pass and Sangre de Cristo Pass,” in The Santa Fe Trail: New Perspectives, special issue of Essays and Monographs in Colorado History, no. 6 (1987).

Additional Information: 

Carl Abbott, Stephen J. Leonard, and Thomas J. Noel, Colorado: A History of the Centennial State, 5th ed. (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2013).

George H. Drury, Santa Fe in the Mountains: Three Passes of the West: Raton, Cajon, and Tehachapi (Waukesha, WI: Kalmbach, 1995).

Anne F. Hyde, Empires, Nations, and Families: A New History of the North American West, 1800–1860 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2012).