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Agnes W. Spring

Added by yongli on 07/06/2020 - 16:07, last changed on 03/15/2021 - 01:07
Agnes Wright Spring (1894­–1988) was the first Wyoming state historian (1918–19) and the first female Colorado state historian (1950­–51 and 1954–63), making her the only person to serve as state historian of more than one state. She contributed to Wyoming and Colorado history through research,...

Albina Washburn

Added by yongli on 10/14/2020 - 13:42, last changed on 10/14/2020 - 13:42
Albina Washburn (1837–1921) was an important early resident of what is now Loveland and later an influential proponent of women’s suffrage and temperance across Colorado. In 1876 she advocated for women’s suffrage at the state constitutional convention, and in 1880 she cofounded the Colorado branch...

Alferd Packer

Added by yongli on 09/03/2019 - 15:23, last changed on 03/08/2021 - 01:07

Alferd Packer

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Alferd E. Packer (1842–1909), also “Alfred,” was a prospector who became famous after confessing to eating his dead comrades while trapped in the San Juan Mountains in February 1874. With the group starving and disoriented, it appears likely that Packer killed another prospector in self-defense and...

Alice Hale Hill

Added by yongli on 02/16/2021 - 12:59, last changed on 02/16/2021 - 12:59
Alice Hale Hill (1840–1908) was a Denver philanthropist who helped lead institutions such as the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) and the Denver Free Kindergarten Association. Wife of Nathaniel P. Hill , a smelting entrepreneur and US senator, she created the first free kindergarten...

Anna and Eugenia Kennicott

Added by yongli on 01/18/2017 - 15:49, last changed on 08/18/2018 - 01:07
Anna (1887–1963) and Eugenia Kennicott (1883–1934) grew up on a Colorado farm around the turn of the twentieth century and recorded their day-to-day lives in diaries and in rare photographic plates. Today, their chronicles of women’s experiences on a turn-of-the-century farm in the American west...

August Meyer

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 14:42, last changed on 03/13/2020 - 14:42
August Robert Meyer (1851–1905) was a mining engineer who played a central role in starting Leadville ’s silver boom in the late 1870s. Meyer recognized the value of the area’s lead carbonate ores, built a smelter , developed local infrastructure, and helped organize the new city. After leaving...

Augusta Tabor

Added by yongli on 01/16/2020 - 13:57, last changed on 03/15/2021 - 01:07
Augusta Tabor (1833–95), born Augusta Louise Pierce, came to Colorado with her husband Horace and young son during the Colorado Gold Rush of 1858–59. As an astute businesswoman and careful money manager, she helped her husband become one of the country’s wealthiest men in the late nineteenth...

Baron Walter von Richthofen

Added by yongli on 07/08/2020 - 16:07, last changed on 03/15/2021 - 01:07
Baron von Richthofen (1859–98) was a flamboyant, versatile booster and developer who came to Colorado in 1878; he was one of many Germans who constituted the state’s largest foreign-born contingent between 1880 and 1910. Richthofen invested in Denver real estate, helped establish the suburban town...

Bulkeley Wells

Added by yongli on 06/15/2021 - 16:19, last changed on 06/15/2021 - 16:19
Bulkeley Wells (1872–1931) was an influential mining investor and hydroelectric engineer best known for building the Smuggler-Union Hydroelectric Power Plant near Telluride and for his hostility toward unions. A controversial figure in Colorado history, Wells carried on an affair with Louise Sneed...

Byron White

Added by yongli on 09/14/2020 - 15:18, last changed on 09/14/2020 - 15:18
Byron White (1917–2002) was Colorado’s first-ever US Supreme Court justice, serving from 1962 to 1993, as well as a nationally known college athlete for the University of Colorado and a star pro football player. As a justice, White was remembered for his belief in judicial restraint, writing brief...

Carrie Clyde Holly

Added by yongli on 09/14/2020 - 14:37, last changed on 09/14/2020 - 14:37
Carrie Clyde Holly (1856–1943) of Pueblo County was elected to the state House of Representatives in 1894, making her one of the first three female legislators in the United States. In 1895 Holly became the first woman to get a bill she drafted made into law, the so-called Holly Law, which raised...

Colorado: An Overview

Added by yongli on 06/19/2018 - 12:08, last changed on 10/04/2020 - 14:37
Colorado, “the Centennial State,” was the thirty-eighth state to enter the Union on August 1, 1876. Its diverse geography encompasses 104,094 square miles of the American West and includes swathes of the Great Plains , southern Rocky Mountains , and the Colorado Plateau. Colorado has an average...

Crawford Hill

Added by yongli on 06/15/2021 - 17:31, last changed on 06/15/2021 - 17:31
Crawford Hill (1862–1922) was a successful Denver businessman and philanthropist. The firstborn child and only son of Alice and Nathaniel P. Hill , Crawford inherited their fortune and carried his father’s prosperous businesses into the next generation. A quiet, conservative man, dedicated...

David Owen Tryba

Added by yongli on 06/17/2021 - 16:21, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 16:21
David Owen Tryba (1955–) is a prominent and prolific Denver architect known for designing the Wellington E. Webb Municipal Office Building, the Union Station renovation, and the History Colorado Center as well as the Google campus in Boulder . He has handled the preservation and updating of many...

Delph E. Carpenter

Added by Greg Vogl on 02/17/2015 - 16:44, last changed on 11/11/2019 - 10:48
Lawyer, state senator, and interstate streams commissioner, Delph E. Carpenter (1877-1951) had lasting impact on Colorado and the western United States through his concept of river compacts. In persuading other states to negotiate the first interstate river-sharing agreement, Carpenter was...

Elizabeth Byers

Added by yongli on 04/10/2020 - 15:37, last changed on 09/15/2020 - 16:07
Elizabeth “Libby” Minerva Sumner Byers (1834–1920) was a Colorado social reformer who arrived in Denver in the summer of 1859 and spent the next six decades establishing and supporting the city’s early charitable organizations, schools, and churches. Her focus on the poor led her to found...

Elizabeth Iliff Warren

Added by yongli on 06/10/2020 - 13:36, last changed on 06/10/2020 - 13:36
Elizabeth Fraser Iliff Warren (1844–1920) was one of Denver ’s most influential early citizens and was instrumental in founding the Iliff School of Theology . After arriving in Denver in 1869 as a twenty-four-year-old sewing-machine saleswoman, she married wealthy cattleman John Wesley Iliff . When...

Emily Griffith

Added by yongli on 07/07/2020 - 15:54, last changed on 04/19/2021 - 15:54
Emily Griffith (1868–1947) was a visionary educator in the field of adult, vocational, and alternative education. After working as a teacher and administrator in Denver , she started the Denver Opportunity School in 1916, premised on the idea that education should be accessible to everyone...

Fort Uncompahgre

Added by yongli on 08/15/2016 - 16:13, last changed on 01/31/2021 - 17:07
Fort Uncompahgre was constructed in 1828 by Antoine Robidoux , a trader based out of Mexican Santa Fé. The trading post was situated about two miles down from the confluence of the Gunnison and Uncompahgre Rivers near the present-day community of Delta in western Colorado. The precise location of...

Frances Klock

Added by yongli on 09/14/2020 - 16:41, last changed on 09/14/2020 - 16:41
Frances S. Klock (1844–1908) was one of the first three women—along with Clara Cressingham and Carrie Clyde Holly —to serve as a state legislator in the United States. The three ran for office in 1894, one year after women in Colorado achieved the right to vote . In addition to serving as a member...

George Bent

Added by yongli on 08/11/2016 - 16:23, last changed on 01/18/2020 - 12:37
George Bent (1843–1918) was a half-white, half-Native American soldier who fought in multiple battles for the Confederacy during the Civil War and for the Cheyenne people in various wars of the late nineteenth century. His life reflects the shifts in alliances and the balance of power in Colorado...

Gertrude Hill Berger Cuthbert

Added by yongli on 06/16/2021 - 08:45, last changed on 06/16/2021 - 08:45
Gertrude Hill Berger Cuthbert (1869–1944) was a Denver socialite and philanthropist. Born into a prominent family, she inherited drive and ambition from her successful parents and established a legacy for herself in politics, suffrage , and local charitable organizations. She was regarded as one of...

Gustaf Nordenskiöld and the Mesa Verde Region

Added by yongli on 08/20/2015 - 09:34, last changed on 04/03/2021 - 08:31
In 1891 the young Swedish scientist Gustaf Nordenskiöld (1868–95) arrived in Colorado, seeking both a cure for his tuberculosis and a look at the wonders of the West. His experiences over the next two years set in motion a series of events that would ultimately lead to the passage of the first...

Helen G. Bonfils

Added by yongli on 09/14/2020 - 16:28, last changed on 03/15/2021 - 01:07
Helen Gilmer Bonfils (1889–1972) was a well-known Colorado actress, businesswoman, and philanthropist. She is best known as manager of The Denver Post and for her contributions to the theater in Colorado through her time as an actress, producer, and later benefactress of the Helen G. Bonfils...

Helen Thorpe

Added by yongli on 01/26/2021 - 15:43, last changed on 01/26/2021 - 16:34
Helen Thorpe (1965–) is a Denver -based journalist and former first lady of Colorado. After spending the 1990s writing for the New York Observer, New Yorker, and Texas Monthly, she met and married Denver brewery owner John Hickenlooper just before he launched his political career. She served...

Henry Browne Blackwell

Added by yongli on 09/14/2020 - 13:42, last changed on 09/14/2020 - 14:39
Henry Blackwell (1825–1909) worked with his wife, Lucy Stone , to pave the way for women’s suffrage . Blackwell advocated for equal rights at the local, state, and national levels throughout the second half of the nineteenth century. He worked to create nationwide change, but his contributions to...

Horace Tabor

Added by yongli on 08/20/2015 - 13:32, last changed on 04/16/2020 - 13:46
Horace “Silver King” Tabor (1830–99) rose from a smalltime prospector to one of the wealthiest men in Colorado because of his luck in Leadville’s silver mines. He became tabloid fodder through his romantic liaisons with Baby Doe Tabor and his fall from power when the United States changed to the...

Jewish Colony at Cotopaxi

Added by yongli on 10/06/2016 - 16:43, last changed on 11/07/2019 - 12:28
In 1882 a group of Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe settled at the Cotopaxi Colony. The colony was the result of persistent efforts by several prominent American Jews and Jewish organizations to offer a better life for those fleeing the Pale of Settlement in the western region of Imperial...

John C. Frémont

Added by yongli on 08/03/2016 - 15:52, last changed on 04/17/2021 - 10:14
John Charles Frémont (1813–90) was an American explorer and cartographer for the US Topographical Engineers who crossed Colorado on various expeditions. Between 1842 and 1853, Frémont led five western expeditions with numerous objectives. He was also involved in the Mexican-American War (1846–48)...

Josephine Meeker

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 14:12, last changed on 12/31/2020 - 01:07
Josephine Meeker (1857–82) was the daughter of Nathan Meeker , the Indian agent who oversaw the White River Indian Agency during the Meeker Incident , a Ute uprising in 1879. After the revolt, Utes took Josephine, her mother, another woman, and her two children captive for nearly a month. Following...

Juan Antonio María de Rivera

Added by yongli on 03/01/2016 - 15:44, last changed on 05/15/2020 - 01:07
Juan Antonio María de Rivera (1738–?) was a Spaniard and the first Euro-American to intensively explore the territory that eventually became the state of Colorado. In 1765 he made two trips into western Colorado from New Mexico, traveling as far as the Gunnison River in Delta County . Along the way...

Kent Haruf

Added by yongli on 01/26/2021 - 16:38, last changed on 01/26/2021 - 16:38
Kent Haruf (1943–2014) was a novelist best known for Plainsong (1999). Set in the fictional town of Holt in northeast Colorado, Plainsong and Haruf’s other novels examine the lives of ordinary people on the high plains . Often praised for his unadorned style and humane outlook, Haruf is generally...

Kit Carson

Added by yongli on 03/14/2016 - 14:16, last changed on 03/06/2021 - 01:07
The life of Christopher “Kit” Carson (1809–68) represents a broad sweep of Western American history in the early-to-mid nineteenth century. Carson was a Rocky Mountain fur trapper , a guide and scout for the US Army Corps of Topographical Engineers, rancher, Indian agent in New Mexico and Colorado...

Los Piños Indian Agency

Added by yongli on 04/29/2016 - 15:32, last changed on 04/17/2020 - 09:00
After the Treaty of 1868 , the Los Piños Indian Agency became the center of governmental authority for the Uncompahgre Utes on the Ute Indian Reservation in western Colorado. While largely forgotten after its abandonment in 1881, the site of the second iteration of the agency is now under...

Lyulph Ogilvy

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 15:33, last changed on 03/29/2021 - 08:16
Lyulph Gilchrist Stanley Ogilvy (1861–1947) was an influential irrigator, rancher, journalist, and soldier in early Colorado. An immigrant son of Scottish aristocrats, Ogilvy helped build and maintain irrigation ditches in Weld County and later became a successful agricultural journalist in Denver...

Mary Hauck Elitch Long

Added by yongli on 06/18/2021 - 14:53, last changed on 06/18/2021 - 14:53
Mary Hauck Elitch Long (1856–1936) was the first woman in the world to own and operate a zoo, located at Elitch Gardens in Denver . She and her husband, John Elitch, Jr. , opened the attraction in 1890, and after his death in 1891, Mary continued on as a pioneering businesswoman and entrepreneur...

Matt Carpenter

Added by yongli on 06/10/2020 - 13:30, last changed on 06/10/2020 - 15:32
Matthew Carpenter (1964–) is a mountain runner best known for his performances at high-altitude races such as the Pikes Peak Ascent and Marathon , where he set the course record in 1993, and the Leadville Trail 100 Run , where he set the record in 2005. In the 1990s, he traveled the world as a...

Neil Gorsuch

Added by yongli on 09/14/2020 - 16:22, last changed on 02/27/2021 - 01:07
Neil Gorsuch (1967–) is an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Born in D enver to a prominent legal and political family, he moved as a teenager to Washington, DC, where his mother, Anne Gorsuch , served in the administration of President Ronald Reagan. His education and...

Philip Anschutz

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 16:28, last changed on 01/21/2021 - 16:28
Philip Anschutz (1939–) is a Denver -based businessman and Colorado’s richest person, with a wealth estimated at more than $10 billion. He has garnered comparisons to Gilded Age financier J. P. Morgan for his success across a wide range of businesses—oil and gas, railroads , telecommunications,...

Rick Trujillo

Added by yongli on 06/10/2020 - 13:33, last changed on 03/16/2021 - 01:07
Richard “Rick” Trujillo (1948–) is a Colorado mountain runner best known for starting the Imogene Pass Run in 1974 and winning the Pikes Peak Ascent and Marathon { six times in the 1970s, long before trail and mountain running became popular activities. Later in his career, Trujillo helped scout...

Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 16:17, last changed on 01/21/2021 - 16:17
Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850–1917) was an Italian Catholic nun who came to the United States in 1889 as a missionary tasked with ministering to the country’s growing population of Italian immigrants . Over the next three decades, during her missionary work, Cabrini established sixty-seven...

Spencer Penrose

Added by yongli on 08/21/2015 - 14:19, last changed on 11/20/2019 - 13:12
Spencer Penrose (1865–1939) was a businessman, miner, entrepreneur, philanthropist, and investor who worked primarily in the Pikes Peak region. Penrose had assets in Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and Kansas, including mines and real estate properties. He is most notable for owning the C.O.D. mine in...

Stan Kroenke

Added by yongli on 02/16/2021 - 13:48, last changed on 02/16/2021 - 13:48
Stan Kroenke (1947–) is a Missouri-based billionaire whose extensive portfolio of real estate and sports franchises includes Denver ’s Nuggets (basketball), Avalanche (hockey), Rapids (soccer), and Mammoth (lacrosse), as well as Ball Arena , Dick ’ s Sporting Goods Park , and the Altitude Sports...

Swedish National Sanatorium

Added by yongli on 09/21/2016 - 15:39, last changed on 11/18/2019 - 13:24
The Swedish National Sanatorium in Denver was a tuberculosis treatment center active throughout the 1900s. As tuberculosis swept the nation, thousands of consumptives turned to the dry mountain air of Colorado to alleviate their symptoms, and sanatoriums sprang up across the state. The Swedish...

United Mine Workers of America

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 14:09, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 07:25
The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) formed in 1890 to fight for better pay and working conditions for the nation’s coal miners. In Colorado the union was most active in the early twentieth century, with thousands of members joining strikes in the southern coalfields of Fremont , Huerfano ,...

Western Federation of Miners

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 15:17, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 07:33
Founded in 1893, the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) was one of the largest and most active labor unions in the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century American West. The union was involved in some of the most important labor disputes in Colorado and American history, including the 1894...

White River Ute Indian Agency

Added by yongli on 04/29/2016 - 15:38, last changed on 12/22/2020 - 09:22
The White River Ute Agency at Meeker , Colorado was established at the same time as the first Los Piños Agency under provisions of the Treaty of 1868 . The agency was intended to serve the White River Ute band as well as some of the other bands from northwestern Colorado. As the site of the Meeker...

William A.H. Loveland

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 15:14, last changed on 03/15/2021 - 01:07
William Austin Hamilton Loveland (1826–94) was a leading businessman, railroad executive, and politician in early Colorado. A well-traveled man by early adulthood, Loveland arrived in Colorado during the Colorado Gold Rush . He played a critical role in the development of Golden , putting up the...

William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody

Added by yongli on 09/21/2016 - 16:06, last changed on 12/02/2019 - 01:07
William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody (1846–1917) was neither born in Colorado nor lived in the state. In death, however, he became one of its most famous residents. Cody’s first experience in Colorado came in 1859, when he was a thirteen-year-old participant in the Colorado Gold Rush . Like many other...

William Gilpin

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 15:10, last changed on 03/15/2021 - 01:07
William Gilpin (1815–94) served as the first governor of Colorado Territory in 1861–62. A gifted speaker with a flair for the dramatic, Gilpin was a firm believer in Manifest Destiny and in Colorado’s importance to the young American West. As governor during the Civil War , Gilpin illegally raised...

William H. Dickens

Added by yongli on 12/06/2017 - 13:51, last changed on 11/11/2019 - 11:48
William Henry Dickens (c. 1842–1915) was a homestead er , farmer, and businessman in the St. Vrain valley. A prominent early citizen of Longmont , Dickens built the Dickens Opera House , established Farmers National Bank, and helped organize the Farmers Milling and Elevator Company, among other...

William N. Byers

Added by yongli on 01/16/2020 - 15:27, last changed on 03/15/2021 - 01:07
William Newton Byers (1831–1903) founded the first newspaper in Colorado, the Rocky Mountain News (1859–2009) and was Denver ’s biggest booster during the city’s early days. Byers used his newspaper as a platform for his advocacy, as his knowledge of the territory allowed him to broker land deals...

Zebulon Montgomery Pike

Added by Greg Vogl on 08/14/2014 - 08:45, last changed on 03/18/2020 - 13:04
In 1806–7, Captain Zebulon Montgomery Pike (1779-1813) led a US Army expedition to the southwestern reaches of the Louisiana Purchase, including the area that is now Colorado. Along with Lewis and Clark’s famous journey to the Pacific in 1804–6, Pike’s was one of many Jeffersonian-era expeditions...
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