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Barney Ford

Added by Nick Johnson on 12/10/2015 - 14:54, last changed on 09/21/2021 - 06:54

Barney Ford

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Born into slavery in 1822, Barney Ford escaped to freedom and moved to Colorado in 1860. He soon became a successful businessman and an influential civic leader who pushed for Colorado statehood with suffrage for all. Ford died in Denver in 1902 and has been recognized for his contributions to the...

Buffalo Soldiers

Added by yongli on 06/24/2016 - 15:38, last changed on 03/18/2020 - 13:57
The so-called Buffalo Soldiers were several African American cavalry and infantry regiments that operated in the American West during the late nineteenth century. While there is no evidence that the black troops themselves adopted it, the nickname Buffalo Soldiers is widely believed to have come...

Charles Burrell

Added by yongli on 02/08/2021 - 16:17, last changed on 02/09/2021 - 13:39
Charles Burrell (1920–) is a classical and jazz musician who first joined the Denver Symphony in 1949 and played bass with the group for decades before his retirement in 1999. Sometimes called the “Jackie Robinson of classical music,” he was not actually the first Black classical musician in Denver...

Clara Brown

Added by yongli on 08/20/2019 - 14:48, last changed on 04/20/2021 - 13:48
Clara Brown (c. 1803–85) was an ex-slave who became a philanthropist, entrepreneur, and humanitarian in Denver and Central City . She is said to be the first African American woman to have traveled West during the Colorado Gold Rush . While in Central City, she established Gilpin County ’s first...

Elizabeth Ensley

Added by yongli on 06/18/2021 - 15:56, last changed on 07/06/2021 - 13:44
Elizabeth Piper Ensley (1847–1919) was a political activist and reformer who worked throughout her life for gender and racial equality. The daughter and wife of formerly enslaved people, she came to Colorado in 1887 and soon helped lead the first successful campaign for statewide women’s suffrage...

Elvin R. Caldwell

Added by yongli on 05/02/2017 - 10:38, last changed on 04/19/2021 - 16:02
Elvin R. Caldwell Sr. (1919–2004) was one of the most significant African American policymakers in Colorado history. An accountant and businessman, Caldwell joined many community organizations before beginning his political career in 1950 in the Colorado House of Representatives. He later served on...

Garveyism in Colorado

Added by yongli on 06/19/2018 - 13:12, last changed on 10/03/2019 - 12:08
Marcus M. Garvey (1887–1940) was president of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL), an organization that offered hope to millions of African people in the United States and worldwide. In the early twentieth century, Garvey had large followings in...

Jack Bradley

Added by yongli on 02/08/2021 - 16:51, last changed on 02/09/2021 - 13:36
Jack Bradley (1919–2000) was a violinist who became one of the first Black members of a major professional orchestra in the United States as well as the first Black member of the Denver Symphony Orchestra when he played with the group from 1946 to 1949. Bradley came up through the Denver Symphony’s...

Julia Greeley

Added by yongli on 06/19/2018 - 13:23, last changed on 01/18/2020 - 10:37
Julia Greeley (c. 1840–1918) was born into slavery in Missouri. Around 1880 she moved to Denver and became a Catholic. Despite being poor herself, Greeley spent the rest of her life doing good deeds for the impoverished. In 2016 the Catholic Church opened the Cause for Sainthood to determine...

Justina Ford

Added by yongli on 01/18/2017 - 15:12, last changed on 11/19/2019 - 09:46
Justina L. Ford (1871–1952) was a medical pioneer and Denver ’s first licensed African American female doctor. Ford is best known for her obstetrics and pediatric work in Denver’s Five Points community. Patients knew Dr. Ford as “the Baby Doctor,” and it is estimated that she delivered over 7,000...

Michael Hancock

Added by yongli on 07/08/2020 - 15:56, last changed on 03/24/2021 - 01:07
Michael Hancock (1969– ) is the forty-fifth mayor of Denver , elected in 2011. Currently in his third term, Hancock succeeded fellow Democrat John Hickenlooper and interim mayor Guillermo Vidal. Widely seen as a pro-growth mayor, Hancock is credited with boosting the city’s economy by investing in...

Oliver Toussaint Jackson

Added by yongli on 09/29/2016 - 14:47, last changed on 11/11/2019 - 10:24
Oliver Toussaint “O. T.” Jackson (1862–1948) was an entrepreneur and prominent member of black communities in Denver and Boulder during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In 1910 he founded Dearfield , an-all black agricultural settlement some twenty-five miles southeast of Greeley...

United Mine Workers of America

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 14:09, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 07:25
The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) formed in 1890 to fight for better pay and working conditions for the nation’s coal miners. In Colorado the union was most active in the early twentieth century, with thousands of members joining strikes in the southern coalfields of Fremont , Huerfano ,...
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