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Politics & Economy

1908 Democratic National Convention

Added by yongli on 08/30/2016 - 10:23, last changed on 11/02/2022 - 15:45
In 1908 the Democratic Party held its national convention in Denver to nominate candidates for president and vice president. The 1908 convention was the political culmination of a half-century of development in the city and the last time Denver would host the convention until 2008. It also marked...

1936 Border Closure

Added by yongli on 02/07/2022 - 17:42, last changed on 09/03/2022 - 08:37
For ten days in 1936, Colorado governor Edwin “Big Ed” Johnson declared martial law in the state, which allowed him to close Colorado’s southern border to migrant workers from nearby states and Mexico. Amid record unemployment during the Great Depression , Johnson closed the border because he...

1976 Winter Olympics

Added by yongli on 07/29/2016 - 11:15, last changed on 11/09/2022 - 22:38

Denver Olympic Logo

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In the early 1960s, Governor John A. Love and other business leaders worked to bring the 1976 Winter Olympics to Colorado. Despite winning the bid from the International Olympic Committee in 1970, the voters of Colorado decided not to fund the winter games, causing the event to be moved to...

Aspen Music Festival and School

Added by yongli on 12/02/2021 - 13:01, last changed on 01/25/2023 - 21:43
The Aspen Music Festival and School are together a prestigious summer music program that trace their roots to the music offerings at Aspen ’s Goethe Bicentennial celebration in 1949. The festival puts on a variety of concerts throughout the summer, and the school offers courses in orchestra, brass...

Cannabis (marijuana)

Added by yongli on 02/02/2017 - 16:10, last changed on 08/01/2022 - 07:11


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Cannabis ( Cannabis sativa ) is a cultivated annual herb. In Colorado it is best known for producing the medicinal and recreational drug “marijuana,” but it is also grown for a variety of other products, including seed oil, rope, ointments, and clothing. The cannabis plant comes in psychoactive and...

Clara Cressingham

Added by yongli on 10/14/2020 - 13:33, last changed on 02/09/2023 - 20:36
Clara Cressingham (1863–1906) served in the Colorado House of Representatives in 1895, making her one of the first female legislators in the United States, along with Frances Klock and Carrie Clyde Holly . In office, she became the first woman to serve in a leadership role (as secretary of the...

Colorado Fuel and Iron Strike of 1997

Added by yongli on 05/28/2020 - 14:13, last changed on 05/28/2020 - 14:13
The Colorado Fuel and Iron strike of 1997 was a labor dispute between Colorado Fuel and Iron Company (CF&I) and the United Steel Workers of America (USWA) . Oregon Steel Mills had purchased Colorado Fuel and Iron in 1993 and maintained the Pueblo mill’s unionized workforce. When the union...

Dawes Act (General Allotment Act)

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 13:39, last changed on 11/02/2022 - 08:47
Passed by Congress in 1887, the Dawes Act—formally known as the General Allotment Act—authorized the US government to survey and divide federal Indigenous reservations into private lots for individual tribal members. The Dawes Act’s central idea of “allotment” became the foundation of federal...

Denver Tramway Strike of 1920

Added by yongli on 08/11/2016 - 13:15, last changed on 02/14/2020 - 15:25
The Denver Tramway Strike of 1920 typified the active militancy of many labor unions during the early 1900s. The strike brought the conversation surrounding labor relations to the forefront of Denver politics and would influence the larger labor landscape for decades to come. Today the strike is...

Indian Appropriations Act (1871)

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 10:31, last changed on 01/24/2023 - 17:40
The Indian Appropriations Act of 1871 declared that American Indians were no longer considered members of “sovereign nations” and that the US government could no longer establish treaties with them. The act effectively made Indians wards of the US government and paved the way for other laws that...

Indian Appropriations Act (1871)

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 10:30, last changed on 01/24/2023 - 17:40
The Indian Appropriations Act of 1871 declared that Indigenous people were no longer considered members of “sovereign nations” and that the US government could no longer establish treaties with them. The act effectively made Native Americans wards of the US government and paved the way for other...

Indian Reorganization Act (Indian New Deal)

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 13:19, last changed on 12/18/2020 - 11:19
Passed by Congress in 1934, the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) was a wide-reaching set of reforms designed to improve conditions for Indigenous people, especially those living on federal reservations. As the centerpiece of the “Indian New Deal,” the IRA focused on protecting tribal land,...

Leadville Strike of 1880

Added by yongli on 04/10/2020 - 10:49, last changed on 11/02/2022 - 13:54
The Leadville strike of 1880 was the first major labor conflict in the central Colorado silver boomtown, shutting down most of the area’s mining district from May 26 to mid-June as miners pressed owners and managers for higher wages, an eight-hour workday, and more control over their working...

Leadville Strike of 1896–97

Added by yongli on 04/10/2020 - 11:41, last changed on 11/02/2022 - 13:54
The Leadville strike of 1896–97 was a nine-month labor conflict pitting the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) against the owners of the district’s mines . The strike began in June 1896, when miners requested higher wages and were rejected, and reached a violent climax in September, when strikers...

Legislative Sessions and Women’s Suffrage (1861–93)

Added by yongli on 09/14/2020 - 14:44, last changed on 08/26/2022 - 07:41
In 1893 Colorado became the first state to enact women’s suffrage by popular referendum, when a majority of male voters approved an amendment to the Colorado Constitution . The passage of women’s suffrage built on decades of earlier work in the Colorado Territorial Legislature (1861–76) and state...

New Deal in Colorado

Added by yongli on 08/03/2016 - 13:44, last changed on 05/11/2020 - 12:00
As the United States entered the third year of a great economic depression triggered by the 1929 stock market crash, many Americans put their hope in President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and his pledge to give them a “new deal.” During his first term (1933–37), he pushed Congress to pass legislation...

Panic of 1893

Added by yongli on 02/16/2021 - 14:16, last changed on 10/18/2022 - 13:43
The Panic of 1893 touched off a nationwide economic depression that lasted for at least three years, threw millions out of work, and caused banks and businesses to fail across the country. In Colorado and other silver-mining states, the panic was tied to the abrupt collapse of the silver industry...

Progressive Era in Colorado

Added by yongli on 01/14/2020 - 15:30, last changed on 11/02/2022 - 15:45
The Progressive Era (1900–20) was a national period of social and political reform in which grassroots activists and their political allies sought the power of government and science to address pressing public problems. In Colorado, Progressives brought significant political and social changes to...


Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 14:51, last changed on 11/02/2022 - 09:51
Alcohol prohibition in Colorado (1916–33) was a Progressive Era experiment, based on reform-minded and religious sentiments, to completely ban the sale and transport of alcohol. While the intention of reformers was to reduce violence, drunkenness, and crime, outlawing alcohol instead created more...

The First National Western Stock Show

Added by yongli on 08/03/2016 - 10:56, last changed on 11/12/2022 - 18:55
The origins of Denver ’s annual National Western Stock Show , today one of the city’s biggest tourism draws, date to 1898, a time when American cities competed for the attention of various national organizations in the hope of hosting conventions to bring in revenue. The first stock show helped...
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