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Treaties

Brunot Agreement

Added by yongli on 05/18/2016 - 14:41, last changed on 11/24/2020 - 10:25
The Brunot Agreement between the Utes and the US government in 1873 led to the development of mining in the San Juan Mountains by taking 3.7 million acres (about 5,780 square miles) from the Ute Reservation in western Colorado. As white encroachment continued over the next decade, the Utes were...

Conejos Treaty

Added by yongli on 03/12/2020 - 16:03, last changed on 08/04/2020 - 10:28
Signed in October 1863 at Conejos in the San Luis Valley , the Conejos Treaty was an agreement between the US government and the Tabeguache band of Ute people. It granted the United States the rights to all land in Colorado’s Rocky Mountains east of the Continental Divide , as well as Middle Park...

Indian Annuities

Added by yongli on 04/27/2017 - 16:36, last changed on 11/08/2020 - 09:44
Annuities were a fixed sum of money or goods that the US government paid to American Indians on a regular basis for the sale of Indian lands. Treaties with American Indians typically specified payments to tribes in dollar amounts over a period of years in return for land cessions. The payments were...

Indian Treaties in Colorado

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:31, last changed on 10/21/2020 - 09:38
Treaties with American Indians played a major role in the formation of Colorado . The series of treaties and agreements signed between the federal government and various Indian groups in the decades from 1849 to 1880 produced the necessary conditions for American development of the state, even as...

Little Arkansas Treaty

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:37, last changed on 09/01/2020 - 01:07
The Little Arkansas Treaty refers to a pair of treaties signed between the US and American Indian nations in Kansas in mid-October 1865: one with the Southern Arapaho and Southern Cheyenne nations and one with the Comanche and Kiowa . Of the two, the treaty signed on October 14 with the Cheyenne...

Medicine Lodge Treaties

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:40, last changed on 08/06/2020 - 10:32
The Medicine Lodge Treaties were a series of three treaties between the US government and the Comanche , Kiowa , Plains Apache , Southern Cheyenne , and Southern Arapaho American Indian nations, signed in October 1867 along Medicine Lodge Creek, south of Fort Larned, Kansas. By treating with...

Treaty of Abiquiú

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 13:32, last changed on 07/02/2020 - 01:07
Considered to be the first official treaty between the United States and the Ute people of southern Colorado and northern New Mexico, the Treaty of Abiquiú was made in 1849 with the intention of establishing peaceful relations between the two groups. Signed in the northern New Mexico village of...

Treaty of Fort Laramie

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:50, last changed on 06/10/2020 - 13:48
Signed in 1851, the Treaty of Fort Laramie was made between the US government and several Plains Indian Nations—including the Cheyenne , Arapaho , and Lakota —who occupied parts of present southern Wyoming and northern Colorado. The treaty was part of the government’s efforts to protect a growing...

Treaty of Fort Wise

Added by yongli on 08/21/2015 - 16:14, last changed on 11/18/2020 - 09:11
The Treaty of Fort Wise was an agreement between the US government and the Cheyenne and Arapaho people who lived on the western Great Plains in present-day Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming. The treaty was signed in 1861 and reduced the territorial lands previously granted to the Cheyenne and...

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 14:39, last changed on 06/10/2020 - 13:51
Signed on February 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War (1846–48). In the treaty, the Republic of Mexico agreed to cede 55 percent of its territory, some 525,000 square miles, to the United States. This land eventually became the present states of Arizona,...

Ute Treaty of 1868

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 15:39, last changed on 08/04/2020 - 10:29
The Ute Treaty of 1868, also known as the “Kit Carson Treaty,” was negotiated between agents of the US government, including Kit Carson , and leaders of seven bands of Ute Indians living in Colorado and Utah. The treaty created for the Utes a massive reservation on Colorado’s Western Slope in...
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