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  • Colorado Snow Map

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    Map of Colorado snow zones and maximum (peak) snow accumulation as snow water equivalent (SWE), showing major river basin boundaries. The snow measurements are thirty-year averages at snow telemetry (SNOTEL) stations.
    Colorado Snow Map
  • Mountain Campus

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    Variable spring snow cover at Colorado State University's Mountain Campus (9,000 feet), near the low elevation boundary of the seasonal snow zone.
    Mountain Campus
  • Snow water equivalent and streamflow

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    a) Snow water equivalent (SWE) patterns at the Joe Wright snow telemetry station in northern Colorado illustrating a high (2011), low (2012), and average (2013) snow year. The amount of SWE affects b) streamflow generation, as shown at the Michigan River near Cameron Pass, adjacent to the Joe Wright station.
    Snow water equivalent and streamflow

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References: 

David W. Clow, “Changes in the Timing of Snowmelt and Streamflow in Colorado: A Response to Recent Warming,” Journal of Climate 23, no. 9 (2010).

Brian A. Ebel, Eve-Lyn S. Hinckley, and D. A. Martin, “Soil-water Dynamics and Unsaturated Storage during Snowmelt Following Wildfire,” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 16, no. 5 (2012).

Steven R. Fassnacht and Rosemary M. Records, “Large Snowmelt versus Rainfall Events in the Mountains,” Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, no. 6 (2015).

Steven R. Fassnacht, David C. Deitemeyer, and Niah B.H. Venable, “Capitalizing on the Daily Time Step of Snow Telemetry Data to Model the Snowmelt Components of the Hydrograph for Small Watersheds,” Hydrological Processes 28, no. 16 (2014).

Adrian Harpold, Paul Brooks, Seshadri Rajagopal, Ingo Heidbuchel, Angela Jardine, and Clare Stielstra, “Changes in Snowpack Accumulation and Ablation in the Intermountain West,” Water Resources Research 48, no. 11 (2012).

J.I.A. Hu, David JP Moore, Sean P. Burns, and Russell K. Monson, “Longer Growing Seasons Lead to Less Carbon Sequestration by a Subalpine Forest,” Global Change Biology 16, no. 2 (2010).

David W. Inouye, Billy Barr, Kenneth B. Armitage, and Brian D. Inouye, “Climate Change Is Affecting Altitudinal Migrant and Hibernating Species,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97, no. 4 (2000).

Jeff Lukas, Joseph Barsugli, Nolan Doesken, Imtiaz Rangwala, and Klaus Wolter, “Climate Change in Colorado: A Synthesis to Support Water Resources Management and Adaptation” (Boulder: University of Colorado Boulder, 2014).

Cara Moore, Stephanie Kampf, Brandon Stone, and Eric Richer, “A GIS-based Method for Defining Snow Aones: Application to the Western United States," Geocarto International 30, no. 1 (2015).

Thomas H. Painter, Jeffrey S. Deems, Jayne Belnap, Alan F. Hamlet, Christopher C. Landry, and Bradley Udall, “Response of Colorado River Runoff to Dust Radiative Forcing in Snow,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107, no. 40 (2010).

Evan Pugh and Eric Small, “The Impact of Pine Beetle Infestation on Snow Accumulation and Melt in the Headwaters of the Colorado River,” Ecohydrology 5, no. 4 (2012).

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