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Brunot Agreement

Added by yongli on 05/18/2016 - 14:41, last changed on 01/17/2020 - 15:58
The Brunot Agreement between the Utes and the US government in 1873 opened the San Juan Mountains to mining by removing 3.7 million acres (about 5,780 square miles) from the Ute Reservation in western Colorado. Though it removed a large amount of land from the reservation, the agreement still left...

Conejos Indian Agency

Added by yongli on 12/05/2017 - 16:41, last changed on 03/18/2020 - 12:53
The Conejos Indian Agency was established in the San Luis Valley for the Ute Indians in 1860. It was an important place where annuity goods were distributed to the Utes and treaty negotiations took place. After the Treaty of 1868 established a reservation for the Utes west of the Rocky Mountains in...

Conejos Treaty

Added by yongli on 03/12/2020 - 16:03, last changed on 08/04/2020 - 10:28
Signed in October 1863 at Conejos in the San Luis Valley , the Conejos Treaty was an agreement between the US government and the Tabeguache band of Ute people. It granted the United States the rights to all land in Colorado’s Rocky Mountains east of the Continental Divide , as well as Middle Park...

Denver Special Indian Agency

Added by yongli on 12/06/2017 - 11:05, last changed on 04/01/2020 - 11:42
The Denver Special Agency was established to provide goods and services to the Ute Indians visiting the plains of Colorado between 1871 and 1875. The agency served Utes who were accustomed to collecting supplies from Denver’s Middle Park Agency during the 1860s but had been reassigned to a...

Indian Agencies and Agents

Added by yongli on 03/15/2016 - 12:10, last changed on 04/08/2020 - 13:27
Indian Agencies were established by the US government as part of the formal relationship with Native American groups as it acquired new lands from them. Indian Agents were individuals responsible for cultivating relationships with the Native Americans and extending government policies. As treaties...

Indian Annuities

Added by yongli on 04/27/2017 - 16:36, last changed on 12/28/2017 - 13:43
Annuities were a fixed sum of money or goods that the US government paid to Native Americans on a regular basis for the sale of Indian lands. Treaties with Native Americans typically specified payments to tribes in dollar amounts over a period of years in return for land cessions. The payments were...

Indian Treaties in Colorado

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:31, last changed on 09/01/2020 - 01:07
Treaties with American Indians played a major role in the formation of Colorado . The series of treaties and agreements signed between the federal government and various Indian groups in the decades from 1849 to 1880 produced the necessary conditions for white development of the state, even as they...

Kit Carson

Added by yongli on 03/14/2016 - 14:16, last changed on 03/18/2020 - 13:57
The remarkable life of Christopher “Kit” Carson (1809–68) represents a broad sweep of Western American history in the early-to-mid nineteenth century. Carson was a Rocky Mountain fur trapper , a guide and scout for the US Army Corps of Topographical Engineers, rancher, Indian agent in New Mexico...

Lafayette Head

Added by yongli on 08/21/2015 - 16:08, last changed on 07/31/2020 - 01:07
Major Lafayette Head (1825–97) was an Indian agent to the Ute tribe for nine years after serving in the Mexican American War. In 1877, he became the first lieutenant governor of Colorado. He was influential in the early development of towns across the San Luis Valley . Born in Hunter...

Los Piños Indian Agency

Added by yongli on 04/29/2016 - 15:32, last changed on 04/17/2020 - 09:00
After the Treaty of 1868 , the Los Piños Indian Agency became the center of governmental authority for the Uncompahgre Utes on the Ute Indian Reservation in western Colorado. While largely forgotten after its abandonment in 1881, the site of the second iteration of the agency is now under...

Middle Park Indian Agency

Added by yongli on 12/06/2017 - 12:09, last changed on 04/01/2020 - 11:46
The Middle Park Agency was established in 1862 for the Grand River, Uinta , and Yampa Utes . One of many federal Indian agencies established in Colorado during the 1860s, the Middle Park Agency mostly operated from Denver . After the Treaty of 1868 established a reservation for the Utes west of the...

Nathan Meeker

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 14:44, last changed on 09/18/2020 - 12:28
Nathan Cook Meeker (1817–1879) was an agriculturalist, newspaper editor, and Indian agent. He founded the Union Colony at present-day Greeley as well as the city’s oldest newspaper, the Greeley Tribune . In 1878 he was appointed Indian agent of the White River Agency in northwest Colorado. He was...

Samuel Gerish Colley

Added by yongli on 10/21/2015 - 15:28, last changed on 09/07/2020 - 01:07
Holding political offices in Wisconsin and Colorado throughout his life, Samuel G. Colley (1807–90) is best known for serving as Indian Agent for the Upper Arkansas Indian Agency from 1860 to 1865. He was responsible for managing the Cheyenne and Arapaho prior to and during the Colorado War (1863–...

Upper Arkansas Indian Agency

Added by yongli on 12/06/2017 - 13:56, last changed on 01/24/2020 - 14:05
The Upper Arkansas Indian Agency was established in 1855 at Bent’s New Fort to service tribes along the upper part of the Arkansas River in eastern Colorado and western Kansas. It was also known as the Big Timbers Agency for the extensive stands of cottonwoods along the Arkansas River. In 1866 the...

White River Ute Indian Agency

Added by yongli on 04/29/2016 - 15:38, last changed on 01/17/2020 - 15:55
The White River Ute Agency at Meeker , Colorado was established at the same time as the first Los Piños Agency under provisions of the Treaty of 1868 . The agency was intended to serve the White River Ute band as well as some of the other bands from northwestern Colorado. As the site of the Meeker...
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