Chief Ouray, pictured here with his wife Chipeta, was one of the most influential leaders of the Northern Ute people in the late nineteenth century. A known intellectual and skilled diplomat, Ouray negotiated treaties and attempted to avoid conflict with whites wherever possible. After the Meeker Massacre of 1879, Ouray negotiated for the return of several white hostages, helping avoid further bloodshed between whites and his people.
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Photographed by Mathew Brady and Levin Corbin Handy, Wikimedia Commons (Courtesy of the Library of Congress)