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Hovenweep National Monument

  • Hovenweep Castle and Rimrock House

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    Hovenweep National Monument has a long history of human habitation, dating back to around 6000 B.C. From about AD 1166 through 1277, the area was occupied by Ancestral Puebloans, who used prehistoric masonry techniques to build a variety of structures, from ceremonial kivas to stone towers. The Hovenweep Castle and Rimrock House, shown here, are among the dozens of these structures that endure today.
    Hovenweep Castle and Rimrock House
  • Hovenweep House and Square Tower

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    The Hovenweep House and the three-story Square Tower, shown here, are located at the head of Little Ruin Canyon about a half mile from the monument Visitor's Center.
    Hovenweep House and Square Tower
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References: 

Jesse W. Fewkes, “Archeological Investigations in New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah,” Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 68, no. 1 (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1917).
Jesse W. Fewkes, “Prehistoric Ruins in Southwestern Colorado and Southeastern Utah,” Smithsonian Institution Miscellaneous Collections 68, no. 12 (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1918).
Jesse W. Fewkes, “Prehistoric Villages, Castles, and Towers of Southwestern Colorado,” Bulletin 70, Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1919).
Jesse W. Fewkes, “The Hovenweep National Monument,” American Anthropologist 25 (April-June 1923).
W. D. Huntington, “Discovery of Prehistoric Ruins in Colorado, 1854,” Deseret News (Salt Lake City), December 28, 1854.
W. H. Jackson, “Ancient Ruins in Southwestern Colorado,” American Naturalist 10 (1876).

Additional Information: 

Hovenweep National Monument website.

Ian Thompson, The Towers of Hovenweep (Moab, UT: Canyonlands Natural History Association, 2004).

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