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The City Beautiful Movement in Denver

  • Denver's Municipal Auditorium

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    Opened in 1908 at Fourteenth and Curtis, it hosted free concerts, automobile shows, Boy Scouts gatherings, and the 1908 Democratic National Convention. 
    Denver's Municipal Auditorium
  • Denver's Civic Center Park at night

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    Now considered a National Historical Landmark, the park was the centerpiece of Mayor Robert Speer’s City Beautiful park system.
    Denver's Civic Center Park at night
  • The Natural History Museum in Denver's City Park
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David F. Burg, Chicago's White City of 1893 (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, E1976).

Joanne Ditmer, "Too Much of a Good Thing," Denver Post, September 3, 2006.

"Fort Collins History and Architecture," Fort Collins History Connection (Fort Collins, CO: Fort Collins Museum of Discovery and Poudre River Public Library District).

Erik Larson, Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair That Changed America (New York: Vintage Books, 2003).

Stephen J. Leonard and Thomas J. Noel, Denver: Mining Camp to Metropolis (Niwot: University Press of Colorado, 1990).

Mike McPhee, "Mayor Presents Civic Fix to House Museum," Denver Post, December 5, 2007.

Thomas J. Noel and Barbara S. Norgren, Denver: The City Beautiful (Denver: Historic Denver, 1987).

Michael Paglia, "Park and Wreck," Westword, September 14, 2006

Charles Mulford Robinson, A City Beautiful Dream: The 1912 Vision for Colorado Springs (Colorado Springs: Pike's Peak Library District and Colorado Springs Pioneer Museum, 2012, Kindle Edition).

Jerome C. Smiley, History of Denver: With Outlines of the Earlier History of the Rocky Mountain Country (Evansville, IN: Unigraphic, 1971).

"The Official Pueblo Inventory of Cultural Resources," City of Pueblo, 2012.

"Civic Center Designated a National Historic Landmark" Civic Center Conservancy, October 17, 2012.

William H. Wilson, The City Beautiful Movement (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989).

Additional Information: 

Robert Speer, Denver’s ‘City Beautiful’ Mayor,” Colorado Virtual Library, 2015.

Margaret Jackson, “Doors Open Denver to Showcase City Beautiful,” Confluence, February 13, 2013.