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Notable Women

Agnes W. Spring

Added by yongli on 07/06/2020 - 16:07, last changed on 07/06/2020 - 16:08
Agnes Wright Spring (1894­–1988) was the first Wyoming state historian (1918–19) and the first female Colorado state historian (1950­–51 and 1954–63), making her the only person to serve as state historian of more than one state. She contributed to Wyoming and Colorado history through research,...

Augusta Tabor

Added by yongli on 01/16/2020 - 13:57, last changed on 05/27/2020 - 15:06

Augusta Tabor

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Augusta Tabor (1833–95), born Augusta Louise Pierce, came to Colorado with her husband Horace and young son during the Colorado Gold Rush of 1858–59. As an astute businesswoman and careful money manager, she helped her husband become one of the country’s wealthiest men in the late nineteenth...

Beatrice Willard

Added by yongli on 02/03/2017 - 13:27, last changed on 12/10/2018 - 09:11
Dr. Beatrice Willard (1925–2003) was an internationally recognized tundra ecologist who made significant contributions to environmental policy in Colorado and the nation. Her research in the Colorado mountains established her as a well-known ecologist, educator, and negotiator. Early...

Caroline Bancroft

Added by yongli on 05/13/2016 - 16:32, last changed on 02/15/2020 - 08:38
Caroline Bancroft (1900–85) was a prominent author, journalist, organizer, and socialite in twentieth-century Denver. Bancroft’s extensive writings on Colorado’s local history established the importance of the genre and served as an example for generations of historians who followed in her...

Caroline Nichols Churchill

Added by yongli on 04/09/2020 - 10:51, last changed on 04/09/2020 - 10:51
Caroline Nichols Churchill (1833–1926) was a writer and newspaper editor best known for founding and editing the Queen Bee , a Denver weekly newspaper dedicated to “the interests of humanity, woman’s political equality and individuality.” Embracing progressive and feminist causes, Churchill...

Carrie Welton

Added by yongli on 08/15/2016 - 14:33, last changed on 10/04/2019 - 10:10
Carrie Welton (1842–84) was a relatively well-known socialite and amateur mountaineer who climbed Colorado Fourteeners in the 1880s. When Welton perished during an ill-advised autumn ascent of Longs Peak in 1884, she became the focal point of a national discussion concerning backcountry safety and...

Chipeta

Added by yongli on 01/16/2020 - 15:32, last changed on 07/03/2020 - 01:07
Chipeta (1843–1924) was a Ute woman known for her intelligence, judgment, empathy, bravery, and quiet strength, all of which made her the only woman of her time allowed on the Ute council. She was also the wife of Ouray , whom the United States recognized as the de facto Ute leader in the late...

Dr. Florence Rena Sabin

Added by yongli on 08/11/2016 - 15:42, last changed on 12/28/2017 - 13:41
One of the preeminent medical and scientific minds of the early twentieth century, Dr. Florence Rena Sabin (1871–1953) was a public servant devoted to improving public health. As the first woman to receive a full professorship at Johns Hopkins University, Sabin was also a successful woman in the...

Eliza Pickrell Routt

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 16:09, last changed on 04/16/2020 - 09:57
Eliza Pickrell Routt (1839–1907) was the first First Lady of the territory and later state of Colorado in 1875–79 and 1891–93. A strong supporter of women’s suffrage , she used her position as wife of Governor John Long Routt to advocate for expanded voting rights. When Colorado became the second...

Elizabeth Byers

Added by yongli on 04/10/2020 - 15:37, last changed on 05/27/2020 - 17:12
Elizabeth “Libby” Minerva Sumner Byers (1834–1920) was a Colorado social reformer who arrived in Denver in the summer of 1859 and spent the next six decades establishing and supporting the city’s early charitable organizations, schools, and churches. Her focus on the poor led her to found...

Elizabeth Iliff Warren

Added by yongli on 06/10/2020 - 13:36, last changed on 06/10/2020 - 13:36
Elizabeth Fraser Iliff Warren (1844–1920) was one of Denver ’s most influential early citizens and was instrumental in founding the Iliff School of Theology . After arriving in Denver in 1869 as a twenty-four-year-old sewing-machine saleswoman, she married wealthy cattleman John Wesley Iliff . When...

Elizabeth “Baby Doe” Tabor

Added by yongli on 06/21/2018 - 11:35, last changed on 04/16/2020 - 13:48
From her humble Midwestern origins to becoming the famous wife of a silver magnate to her demise as a madwoman living in a dilapidated cabin, Elizabeth McCourt “Baby Doe” Tabor (1854–1935) has become one of the most popular figures in Colorado history. Since her death, Baby Doe Tabor’s tumultuous...

Ellis Meredith

Added by yongli on 09/11/2015 - 15:43, last changed on 04/08/2020 - 10:55
Standing less than five feet tall and weighing around 100 pounds, Ellis Meredith was a tiny woman, but she took large strides to improve life for the women of Colorado. The daughter of a well-known suffragette and pioneer resident of Montana, Emily R. Meredith, Ellis understood the importance of...

Emily Elizabeth Wilson

Added by yongli on 08/30/2016 - 12:37, last changed on 12/18/2019 - 01:07
Emily Elizabeth “Emmy” Wilson (1902–63) was a well-known Colorado business owner, entrepreneur, and socialite who ran the Glory Hole Tavern, a popular establishment in Central City . Wilson and her tavern played an integral role in reviving the ex-mining town’s social and cultural scene, and for...

Emily Griffith

Added by yongli on 07/07/2020 - 15:54, last changed on 07/07/2020 - 15:54
Emily Griffith (1868–1947) was a visionary educator in the field of adult, vocational, and alternative education. After working as a teacher and administrator in Denver , she started the Denver Opportunity School in 1916, premised on the idea that education should be accessible to everyone...

Estella Bergere Leopold

Added by yongli on 09/16/2015 - 14:59, last changed on 10/31/2019 - 11:41
Dr. Estella Leopold is a world-renowned paleobotanist who helped spearhead the 1969 fight to save Florissant Fossil Beds in Florissant, Colorado. She was the recipient of several awards during her career, including Conservationist of the Year (1969) from the Colorado Wildlife Federation, the Keep...

Fannie Mae Duncan

Added by yongli on 01/16/2020 - 16:05, last changed on 01/16/2020 - 16:05
Fannie Mae Duncan (1918–2005) was an entrepreneur and an activist for racial equality at a time of segregation in Colorado Springs . From 1947 to 1975, she owned and operated a series of businesses including the Cotton Club, the city’s first racially integrated nightclub, which hosted jazz greats...

Hannah Marie Wormington

Added by yongli on 11/19/2015 - 16:19, last changed on 10/10/2019 - 10:07
As a pioneering woman in a field dominated by men, Hannah Marie Wormington (1914–94) carved a scholarly niche for herself on the frontiers of American archaeology. She was a larger-than-life figure whose impact went far beyond the dozens of publications she produced to include mentorship for many...

Helen Hunt Jackson

Added by yongli on 01/07/2019 - 15:41, last changed on 02/03/2020 - 01:07
Helen Hunt Jackson (1830–85) was an accomplished poet, author, and activist in the nineteenth century. Many of Jackson’s written works, notably A Century of Dishonor (1881) and Ramona (1884) , spurred progress toward recompense for the mistreatment of the Native American peoples by the US...

Helen Ring Robinson

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 16:19, last changed on 05/28/2020 - 14:22
Helen Ring Robinson (c. 1860–1923) was the first woman elected to the Colorado State Senate in 1912 and the second woman elected to any state senate in the nation. In her role as senator during the Progressive Era , she was a passionate advocate for social reform that supported women, education,...

Henrietta “Nettie” Bromwell

Added by yongli on 09/21/2016 - 14:13, last changed on 01/18/2020 - 12:24
Henrietta “Nettie” Bromwell (1859–1946) was a prominent artist and author active in Denver ’s social scene during the early to mid-1900s. In addition to her artistic success, she was a Denver socialite. Today, Bromwell’s legacy is her writings and artwork, especially landscape paintings. Early Life...

Josephine Meeker

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 14:12, last changed on 07/03/2020 - 01:07
Josephine Meeker (1857–82) was the daughter of Nathan Meeker , the Indian agent who oversaw the White River Indian Agency during the Meeker Incident , a Ute uprising in 1879. After the revolt, Utes took Josephine, her mother, another woman, and her two children captive for nearly a month. Following...

Josephine Roche

Added by yongli on 03/31/2017 - 14:56, last changed on 04/16/2020 - 10:09
Josephine Aspinwall Roche (1886–1976) was a Colorado industrialist, labor advocate, and politician known for her role in reforming the Colorado coal industry in the 1930s. The daughter of a wealthy coal baron, Roche improved miners’ working conditions and pay when she took over the Rocky Mountain...

Julia Greeley

Added by yongli on 06/19/2018 - 13:23, last changed on 01/18/2020 - 10:37
Julia Greeley (c. 1840–1918) was born into slavery in Missouri. Around 1880 she moved to Denver and became a Catholic. Despite being poor herself, Greeley spent the rest of her life doing good deeds for the impoverished. In 2016 the Catholic Church opened the Cause for Sainthood to determine...

Julie Penrose

Added by yongli on 08/21/2015 - 12:35, last changed on 11/04/2019 - 10:10
Julie Villiers Lewis McMillan Penrose (1870–1956) was one of the primary benefactors of Colorado Springs institutions in the interwar years. Her husband, multimillionaire Spencer (“Speck”) Penrose , profited from Cripple Creek gold and Utah copper in the early twentieth century. He used his wealth...

Justina Ford

Added by yongli on 01/18/2017 - 15:12, last changed on 11/19/2019 - 09:46
Justina L. Ford (1871–1952) was a medical pioneer and Denver ’s first licensed African American female doctor. Ford is best known for her obstetrics and pediatric work in Denver’s Five Points community. Patients knew Dr. Ford as “the Baby Doctor,” and it is estimated that she delivered over 7,000...

Louise Bethel Sneed Hill

Added by yongli on 01/14/2020 - 15:23, last changed on 06/11/2020 - 11:31
Louise Bethel Sneed Hill (1862–1955) was a socialite, philanthropist, and creator of Denver ’s Sacred Thirty-Six, the first internationally recognized elite society in the city. Hill helped Denver attain international attention as a refined city and desirable destination. Her life reflected the...

Lucy Stone

Added by yongli on 03/12/2020 - 15:12, last changed on 05/28/2020 - 14:28
Lucy Stone (1818–93) was an orator, abolitionist, and suffragette who founded the American Woman Suffrage Association. In 1877 she campaigned for a women’s suffrage referendum in Colorado alongside fellow suffrage champion Susan B. Anthony . Although the 1877 measure was defeated, Stone and Anthony...

Margaret W. Campbell

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 16:06, last changed on 03/13/2020 - 16:06
Margaret West Norton Campbell (1827–1908) was an ardent advocate of women’s rights and one of the nation’s most sought-after suffrage speakers. In Colorado she was instrumental in the 1877 campaign for women’s suffrage . The measure failed, but her work paved the way for suffrage to be enacted in...

Mary Cronin

Added by yongli on 09/21/2016 - 14:04, last changed on 12/02/2019 - 01:07
Mary Cronin (1893–1982) was an active member of the Colorado Mountain Club (CMC) and the first woman to summit each of Colorado’s Fourteeners . Today, Cronin is best known for her accomplishments in the backcountry, and the CMC she helped develop continues its tradition of guiding people into the...

Minnie Reynolds Scalabrino

Added by yongli on 05/16/2016 - 11:48, last changed on 04/08/2020 - 11:18
Minnie Reynolds Scalabrino (1865–1936) was a newspaperwoman, candidate for political office, and lifelong suffragette in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth. She played an important role in the women’s suffrage movement in Colorado and worked tirelessly in other states to secure the...

Mistanta (Owl Woman)

Added by yongli on 11/16/2015 - 13:44, last changed on 12/28/2017 - 13:41
Mistanta (Mis-stan-stur, ca. 1810–47), also known as Owl Woman, was the Southern Cheyenne wife of the American trader William Bent . Born about 1810, she is credited with helping maintain good relations between the white settlers and the Native Americans of the Colorado plains . As the eldest...

Non-Partisan Equal Suffrage Association

Added by yongli on 01/16/2020 - 16:19, last changed on 06/11/2020 - 14:26
The Non-Partisan Equal Suffrage Association was the main organization in Colorado working toward granting women the right to vote . The association and its precursors were influential for more than thirty years, from Colorado’s failed suffrage referendum in 1877 to its successful suffrage...

Pat Stryker

Added by yongli on 07/06/2020 - 15:29, last changed on 07/06/2020 - 15:29
Patricia “Pat” Stryker (1956–) is a Colorado-based businesswoman and philanthropist. With an estimated net worth of $2.6 billion, Stryker has donated more than $195 million to charity in her lifetime, mostly through the Bohemian Foundation , her Fort Collins –based nonprofit. In addition to charity...

Ruth Underhill

Added by yongli on 05/16/2016 - 15:40, last changed on 02/08/2020 - 01:07
Ruth Underhill (1883–1984) was a prominent anthropologist in the mid- to-late twentieth century, and one of the first female anthropologists to reach the stature regularly enjoyed by male colleagues. As a professor at the University of Denver later in life, Underhill published dozens of works on...

Sadie Likens

Added by yongli on 09/21/2016 - 15:16, last changed on 11/19/2019 - 10:01
Sadie Likens (c. 1840–1920) was a prominent officer of the court in Denver ’s formative period, served as Colorado’s first prison matron, and was also known for her charitable work on behalf of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union and other women’s organizations. Before losing her job as prison...

Sarah Platt Decker

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 14:18, last changed on 05/28/2020 - 14:36
Sarah Platt Decker (1855–1912) was a beloved leader of women, known nationwide for her advocacy of women’s suffrage and social reform. Her influence was instrumental in the 1893 vote that gave Colorado women equal suffrage. She later became the founder and first president of the Woman’s Club of...

Susan B. Anthony

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 11:35, last changed on 04/08/2020 - 11:19
Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906) was a well-known civil rights activist and prominent leader of the women’s suffrage movement . She made her first visit to Colorado in 1877 to advocate for women’s suffrage before an upcoming referendum. Although she spent little time in Colorado, Susan B. Anthony...

The Denver Woman’s Press Club

Added by yongli on 06/21/2016 - 14:53, last changed on 04/08/2020 - 11:16
The Denver Woman’s Press Club is an organization for women newspaper writers and authors founded in 1898. At the time of its founding, the club demonstrated the new social and political power of women through its involvement in a range of causes, including the women’s suffrage movement in the early...

Theodosia Ammons

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 12:42, last changed on 04/20/2020 - 11:13
Theodosia Ammons (1862–1907) worked extensively throughout her life to advance the cause of women’s suffrage . She became president of the Colorado Equal Suffrage Association and was cofounder of the department of domestic economy at Colorado Agricultural College (now Colorado State University ),...

Women During Prohibition

Added by yongli on 06/10/2020 - 13:27, last changed on 06/10/2020 - 13:54
Alcohol prohibition in Colorado (1916–33) disrupted social and gender relations in ways that would shape the state long after the law was repealed. Not only did women help enact the law, but they also helped enforce the law and even broke it, taking advantage of a new outlaw industry. Women...

Women in Early Colorado

Added by yongli on 05/06/2016 - 15:01, last changed on 04/17/2020 - 12:59
In nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Colorado, women’s labor was often vital to a family’s economic survival. Historian Katherine Harris demonstrated in her study of Logan and Washington Counties that women’s earnings from butter, eggs, and the garden often provided much of a farm family’s...

Women's Suffrage Movement

Added by yongli on 05/06/2016 - 15:15, last changed on 04/17/2020 - 10:56
The women’s suffrage movement was a sociopolitical movement in the late nineteenth century that secured voting rights for Colorado women by state referendum in 1893. The movement’s success made Colorado the first state to enact women’s suffrage by popular referendum. Origins On July 4, 1876,...
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