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Walking Colorado: An Introduction to the Origins Section

Added by yongli on 01/20/2017 - 11:41, last changed on 03/18/2020 - 13:32
Hundreds of generations of Native American ancestors are represented in Colorado by scatters of artifacts along with the less portable evidence of shelter, the warmth of hearths, storage needs, and symbolic expression. We learn about them through archaeology and indigenous peoples’ oral traditions...

Colorado: An Overview

Added by yongli on 06/19/2018 - 12:08, last changed on 05/01/2020 - 11:54
Colorado, “the Centennial State,” was the thirty-eighth state to enter the Union on August 1, 1876. Its diverse geography encompasses 104,094 square miles of the American West and includes swathes of the Great Plains , southern Rocky Mountains , and the Colorado Plateau. Colorado has an average...

Colorow

Added by yongli on 01/23/2017 - 15:59, last changed on 03/18/2020 - 13:23
One of the best-known Ute leaders of the nineteenth century, Colorow (c. 1813–88) was involved in many significant events in Colorado history, from his first contact with white Americans during the Colorado Gold Rush to the Meeker Incident and his namesake “ Colorow’s War ” of 1887. Colorow’s...

Conejos Treaty

Added by yongli on 03/12/2020 - 16:03, last changed on 03/18/2020 - 12:40
Signed in October 1863 at Conejos in the San Luis Valley , the Conejos Treaty was an agreement between the US government and the Tabeguache band of Ute people. It granted the United States the rights to all land in Colorado’s Rocky Mountains east of the Continental Divide , as well as Middle Park...

Dawes Act (General Allotment Act)

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 13:39, last changed on 06/05/2020 - 01:07
Passed by Congress in 1887, the Dawes Act—formally known as the General Allotment Act—authorized the US government to survey and divide American Indian reservations into private lots for individual tribal members. The Dawes Act’s central idea of “allotment” became the foundation of federal Indian...

Indian Appropriations Act (1871)

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 10:31, last changed on 03/13/2020 - 10:31
The Indian Appropriations Act of 1871 declared that American Indians were no longer considered members of “sovereign nations” and that the US government could no longer establish treaties with them. The act effectively made Indians wards of the US government and paved the way for other laws that...

Indian Appropriations Act (1871)

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 10:30, last changed on 06/11/2020 - 11:16
The Indian Appropriations Act of 1871 declared that American Indians were no longer considered members of “sovereign nations” and that the US government could no longer establish treaties with them. The act effectively made Indians wards of the US government and paved the way for other laws that...

Indian Treaties in Colorado

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:31, last changed on 06/09/2020 - 11:31
Treaties with American Indians played a major role in the formation of Colorado . The series of treaties and agreements signed between the federal government and various Indian groups in the decades from 1849 to 1880 produced the necessary conditions for white development of the state, even as they...

La Plata County

Added by yongli on 08/16/2016 - 10:31, last changed on 03/24/2020 - 01:07
La Plata County covers 1,700 square miles in southwest Colorado. It is named for the La Plata River and La Plata Mountains, both of which are named for the Spanish word for “silver.” La Plata County is bordered to the north by San Juan County , to the east by Hinsdale and Archuleta counties, to the...

Nathaniel Meeker

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 14:44, last changed on 06/10/2020 - 16:25
Nathaniel Cook Meeker (1817–1879) was an agriculturalist, newspaper editor, and Indian agent. He founded the Union Colony at present-day Greeley as well as the city’s oldest newspaper, the Greeley Tribune . In 1878 he was appointed Indian agent of the White River Agency in northwest Colorado. He...

Treaty of Abiquiú

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 13:32, last changed on 05/06/2020 - 17:16
Considered to be the first official treaty between the United States and the Ute people of southern Colorado and northern New Mexico, the Treaty of Abiquiú was made in 1849 with the intention of establishing peaceful relations between the two groups. Signed in the northern New Mexico village of...

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 14:39, last changed on 06/10/2020 - 13:51
Signed on February 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War (1846–48). In the treaty, the Republic of Mexico agreed to cede 55 percent of its territory, some 525,000 square miles, to the United States. This land eventually became the present states of Arizona,...

Ute Treaty of 1868

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 15:39, last changed on 04/17/2020 - 10:14
The Ute Treaty of 1868, also known as the “Kit Carson Treaty,” was negotiated between agents of the US government, including Kit Carson , and leaders of seven bands of Ute Indians living in Colorado and Utah. The treaty created for the Utes a massive reservation on Colorado’s Western Slope in...
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