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prehistoric Native Americans

Barger Gulch Site

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 15:28, last changed on 01/15/2020 - 15:28
There are few places in western North America richer in Paleo-Indian archaeology than Middle Park , the valley that forms the headwaters of the Colorado River in Grand County . Within Middle Park, the Barger Gulch area preserves an impressive amount of evidence from early humans, with sites dating...

Clovis

Added by yongli on 12/06/2017 - 13:59, last changed on 11/11/2019 - 11:02
The term Clovis refers to the earliest widespread archaeological culture to have occupied North and Central America, ca. 13,250–12,800 years ago. Since the discovery of the first Clovis artifacts in the 1930s, debate has raged over such fundamental issues as whether people who left behind Clovis...

Folsom People

Added by yongli on 06/22/2016 - 14:59, last changed on 04/09/2020 - 01:07
Folsom groups, also called Folsom peoples or Folsom culture , occupied all of Colorado between about 13,000 and 12,000 years ago. They were not the first people in these areas, although they might have been the first in some newly unglaciated portions of the high Rockies. Nevertheless, Folsom...

Lyons Sandstone

Added by yongli on 01/15/2020 - 15:23, last changed on 06/11/2020 - 13:24
Named for the Boulder County town whose historic quarries made it famous, the Lyons Sandstone formation is a Permian age rock layer in the foothills of the Front Range from the Wyoming border to south of Colorado Springs . It is the primary formation in the scenic red rock outcrops at Garden of the...

Mantle's Cave

Added by yongli on 11/16/2015 - 11:17, last changed on 10/23/2019 - 11:29
Mantle’s Cave is the most important Fremont period archaeological site excavated in northwestern Colorado. Artifacts recovered from the cave were instrumental in defining the Fremont culture. Because the cave is dry, artifacts that are not usually seen at archaeological sites were preserved and...

Plains Woodland

Added by yongli on 02/25/2016 - 14:13, last changed on 11/11/2019 - 09:41
The Plains Woodland period covers approximately a thousand years of Colorado prehistory across a large portion of the state. Plains Woodland describes the groups of people occupying much of the western plains from present-day Nebraska and Kansas, west of the Missouri River, to the eastern plains of...

Prehistoric Stone Quarrying in Colorado

Added by yongli on 01/14/2020 - 14:37, last changed on 07/02/2020 - 01:07
From exquisitely flaked Folsom spear points to the spectacular cliff dwellings of Mesa Verde National Park , among the most visible vestiges of Colorado’s Native American history are those crafted from naturally available rock. Archaeologists and others have documented nearly 1,000 places across...

Sand Wash Basin Tool Stone Sites

Added by yongli on 03/18/2020 - 22:34, last changed on 04/16/2020 - 09:07
Located northwest of Craig in Moffat County , the Sand Wash Basin is an area of Bridger Formation rock outcrops that prehistoric peoples mined extensively as a source for stones to make tools with. Bridger Formation chert is typically light to dark brown, though some of the chert in the basin is...

Shield Cave Archaeological Site

Added by yongli on 01/14/2020 - 15:07, last changed on 01/14/2020 - 15:07
Shield Cave is a large limestone cavern in Eagle County that contains painted rock art dating to the Historic period and deposits of the iron mineral pigment material used to make ochre-color paint. This site is one of hundreds of caverns that have developed in the Mississippian Period Leadville...

The Archaic Period in Colorado

Added by yongli on 08/21/2015 - 14:07, last changed on 04/16/2020 - 09:12
The Archaic period is an era in the human history of Colorado dating from ca. 6500 BC–AD 200. It is one of the three prehistoric periods used by archaeologists to characterize broad cultural changes that occurred throughout the Americas. It was preceded by the Paleo-Indian period (ca. 11,500–7000...

Trout Creek Archaeological Site

Added by yongli on 01/14/2020 - 15:13, last changed on 01/14/2020 - 15:13
Trout Creek in east Chaffee County is an extensive archaeological site exhibiting natural outcrops of colorful jaspers that were used for thousands of years as raw material for toolmaking by many different groups of Native Americans. It is one of the best-known toolstone sources not only in central...

Yucca House National Monument

Added by yongli on 05/02/2016 - 15:29, last changed on 12/19/2019 - 01:07
Yucca House National Monument was established to protect and preserve a large Ancestral Pueblo village south of Cortez in the southwestern corner of Colorado. Yucca House is an important Ancestral Pueblo village based on its size, unique configurations, and prominent, highly visible location in the...
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