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Coal Mining in Colorado

Added by yongli on 02/16/2021 - 13:06, last changed on 03/29/2021 - 08:16
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, coal mining was the most important industry in Colorado. Coal mines served as the crucibles of empire, churning out the fuel needed to power the railroads, precious-metal mines, and smelters that helped develop the region. They were also...

Colorado Fuel & Iron

Added by yongli on 09/29/2016 - 16:45, last changed on 01/31/2021 - 16:42
The Colorado Fuel and Iron Company (CF&I) was a coal and steel company based in Denver and Pueblo . Most of its coal mines were located in southern Colorado. Its only steel mill was located in Pueblo. The firm came into existence as a result of a merger between the Colorado Coal and Iron...

Columbine Mine Massacre

Added by yongli on 02/16/2021 - 13:13, last changed on 03/15/2021 - 01:07
On November 21, 1927, members of a Colorado militia fired into a crowd of hundreds of striking miners in the Weld County town of Serene , killing six and wounding twenty. The Columbine Massacre showed that little had changed in Colorado in terms of relations between workers and companies, as well...

Hastings Mine Explosion

Added by yongli on 02/16/2021 - 13:21, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 07:26
The Hastings Mine Explosion was the deadliest mining disaster in Colorado history. Caused by the misguided striking of a match in the Hastings coal mine north of Trinidad on April 27, 1917, the blast killed 121 coal miners; one other worker died of overexertion while trying to recover the bodies...

Jokerville Mine Explosion

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 13:35, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 07:27
On January 24, 1884, the Jokerville Mine outside of Crested Butte was full of methane gas and exploded, killing fifty-nine workers. As the third-deadliest mine disaster in Colorado history, the Jokerville explosion demonstrated the dangers of coal mining, even as coal was an essential industry for...

Las Animas County

Added by yongli on 11/14/2016 - 16:20, last changed on 02/25/2021 - 01:07

Las Animas County

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Las Animas County, the largest county in Colorado, covers 4,775 square miles in the southern end of the state, east of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains . It was originally part of a larger Huerfano County that encompassed all of southeast Colorado. Today, it is bordered by Huerfano County to the...

Routt County

Added by yongli on 02/02/2017 - 16:26, last changed on 01/29/2021 - 16:02
Routt County is a large county in northwest Colorado, encompassing 2,368 square miles of the Elk and Yampa River valleys and the Park Range and Elkhead Mountains. It is bordered by the state of Wyoming to the north, Jackson and Grand Counties to the east, Eagle County to the south, and Rio Blanco...

United Mine Workers of America

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 14:09, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 07:25
The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) formed in 1890 to fight for better pay and working conditions for the nation’s coal miners. In Colorado the union was most active in the early twentieth century, with thousands of members joining strikes in the southern coalfields of Fremont , Huerfano ,...

Western Federation of Miners

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 15:17, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 07:33
Founded in 1893, the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) was one of the largest and most active labor unions in the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century American West. The union was involved in some of the most important labor disputes in Colorado and American history, including the 1894...
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