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coal miners

Coal Mining in Colorado

Added by yongli on 02/16/2021 - 13:06, last changed on 03/29/2021 - 08:16
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, coal mining was the most important industry in Colorado. Coal mines served as the crucibles of empire, churning out the fuel needed to power the railroads, precious-metal mines, and smelters that helped develop the region. They were also...

Columbine Mine Massacre

Added by yongli on 02/16/2021 - 13:13, last changed on 11/21/2021 - 07:32
On November 21, 1927, members of a Colorado militia fired into a crowd of hundreds of striking miners in the Weld County town of Serene , killing six and wounding twenty. The Columbine Massacre showed that little had changed in Colorado in terms of relations between workers and companies, as well...

Industrial Workers of the World

Added by yongli on 06/28/2021 - 15:31, last changed on 06/29/2021 - 07:05
The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) was founded in Chicago in 1905 as an explicitly anarchist-socialist alternative to the major labor unions of the time, which the IWW’s leaders deemed too conservative. In the following decades, the organization suffered from government suppression on both...

Jokerville Mine Explosion

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 13:35, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 07:27
On January 24, 1884, the Jokerville Mine outside of Crested Butte was full of methane gas and exploded, killing fifty-nine workers. As the third-deadliest mine disaster in Colorado history, the Jokerville explosion demonstrated the dangers of coal mining, even as coal was an essential industry for...

United Mine Workers of America

Added by yongli on 01/21/2021 - 14:09, last changed on 06/17/2021 - 07:25
The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) formed in 1890 to fight for better pay and working conditions for the nation’s coal miners. In Colorado the union was most active in the early twentieth century, with thousands of members joining strikes in the southern coalfields of Fremont , Huerfano ,...
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