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Walking Colorado: An Introduction to the Origins Section

Added by yongli on 01/20/2017 - 11:41, last changed on 11/26/2022 - 10:41
Hundreds of generations of Native American ancestors are represented in Colorado by scatters of artifacts along with the less portable evidence of shelter, the warmth of hearths, storage needs, and symbolic expression. We learn about them through archaeology and indigenous peoples’ oral traditions...

Bent's Forts

Added by Nick Johnson on 05/06/2016 - 10:52, last changed on 11/27/2022 - 09:06
In the early and mid-nineteenth century, when the western United States was in a seemingly unending state of flux as people competed for dominance over the land and its resources, three men moved to what would eventually become southeastern Colorado and there established a trading and commercial...

Bison

Added by Nick Johnson on 11/19/2022 - 09:57, last changed on 11/21/2022 - 09:26
The American Plains Bison ( Bison bison ) are large mammals in the Bovidae family, recognizable for their large head, shaggy coats, pronounced hump, and close association with the American West. Bison are commonly and incorrectly referred to as "buffalo," which are Asian and African animals. North...

Bison Reintroduction

Added by Nick Johnson on 11/20/2022 - 08:10, last changed on 11/20/2022 - 08:13
Conservation efforts and reintroduction of the American bison ( Bison bison ) in Colorado began in Denver during the early twentieth century. By that time, the bison population had declined precipitously since the mid-nineteenth century because of overhunting and the development of cities,...

Cheyenne County

Added by yongli on 06/27/2016 - 13:37, last changed on 11/27/2022 - 09:13
Cheyenne County is a sparsely populated county on Colorado’s eastern plains, covering 1,781 square miles. It is named for the Cheyenne, one of many nomadic Native American groups that lived and hunted bison in the area throughout the nineteenth century. Cheyenne County is bordered to the north by...

Colorado: An Overview

Added by yongli on 06/19/2018 - 12:08, last changed on 11/30/2022 - 21:39
Colorado, “the Centennial State,” was the thirty-eighth state to enter the Union on August 1, 1876. Its diverse geography encompasses 104,094 square miles of the American West and includes swathes of the Great Plains , southern Rocky Mountains , and the Colorado Plateau. Colorado has an average...

Cottonwood Trees

Added by yongli on 01/29/2021 - 17:18, last changed on 11/27/2022 - 09:04
One of the most ecologically and culturally significant trees in Colorado, the plains cottonwood ( Populus deltoides monilifera ) thrives near rivers and riparian areas throughout the state. It is one of the only tree species to grow on Colorado’s Great Plains , which made it an important source of...

George Bent

Added by yongli on 08/11/2016 - 16:23, last changed on 11/12/2022 - 08:48
George Bent (1843–1918) was a half-white, half-Native American soldier who fought in multiple battles for the Confederacy during the Civil War and for the Cheyenne people in various wars of the late nineteenth century. His life reflects the shifts in alliances and the balance of power in Colorado...

Godfrey’s Ranch

Added by yongli on 07/28/2022 - 13:14, last changed on 08/01/2022 - 07:25
On January 14–15, 1865, immigrant Holon Godfrey found his family homestead in Colorado Territory under attack by about 100 Indigenous warriors engaged in a campaign of reprisal attacks after the Sand Creek Massacre of November 1864. The fierce battle at Godfrey’s Ranch was an example of a common...

Indigenous Treaties in Colorado

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:31, last changed on 11/27/2022 - 08:59
Treaties with Indigenous people played a major role in the conquest and formation of Colorado . Backed by the constant threat of military force, the series of treaties and agreements signed between the federal government and various Indigenous groups between 1849 and 1880 separated Indigenous...

Joseph Hutchison

Added by yongli on 12/12/2018 - 13:31, last changed on 02/13/2019 - 12:24
Joseph Hutchison, Poet Laureate of Colorado (2014–2019), is the award-winning author of seventeen poetry collections, including The World As Is: New & Selected Poems, 1972-2015; The Satire Lounge; Marked Men; Thread of the Real ; and Bed of Coals . He has co-edited two poetry anthologies—the...

Little Arkansas Treaty

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:37, last changed on 11/27/2022 - 08:46
The Little Arkansas Treaty refers to a pair of treaties signed between the US and Indigenous nations in Kansas in mid-October 1865: one with the Southern Arapaho and Southern Cheyenne nations and one with the Comanche and Kiowa . Of the two, the treaty signed on October 14 with the Cheyenne and...

Margaret Coel

Added by yongli on 01/08/2019 - 14:36, last changed on 10/25/2022 - 12:49
Margaret Coel (1937– ) is a New York Times best-selling author of both fiction and nonfiction. She is best known for her Wind River Mystery Series but has also published five nonfiction books, a book of short stories, and two additional mystery novels that take place in Denver . She is...

Medicine Lodge Treaties

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:40, last changed on 11/20/2022 - 22:09
The Medicine Lodge Treaties were a series of three treaties between the US government and the Comanche , Kiowa , Plains Apache , Southern Cheyenne , and Southern Arapaho American Indian nations, signed in October 1867 along Medicine Lodge Creek, south of Fort Larned, Kansas. By treating with...

Precious Metal Mining in Colorado

Added by yongli on 08/09/2022 - 11:55, last changed on 08/27/2022 - 07:28
From the 1850s to the 1920s, gold and silver mining drove Colorado’s economy, making it into an urbanized, industrial state. The rapid development of Colorado’s mineral resources had political, social, and environmental consequences. The mining of gold and silver in Colorado began in earnest during...

Sand Creek Massacre

Added by yongli on 09/19/2019 - 13:42, last changed on 11/16/2022 - 08:05
On November 29, 1864, US volunteer cavalry killed at least 230 Cheyenne and Arapaho people—mostly women, children, and the elderly—who were camped peacefully along Sand Creek in what was then Colorado Territory . Learning about the Sand Creek Massacre encourages people to reflect on the ways the...

The Civil War in Colorado

Added by yongli on 09/13/2022 - 14:14, last changed on 10/26/2022 - 00:41
Colorado’s role in the American Civil War (1861–65) was part of a broader geopolitical contest: control of the American Southwest. The war began in 1861, just two years after the Colorado Gold Rush and mere months after Congress established the Colorado Territory . Although the territory was...

Treaty of Fort Laramie

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:50, last changed on 11/23/2022 - 03:42
Signed in 1851, the Treaty of Fort Laramie was made between the US government and several Indigenous nations of the Great Plains —including the Cheyenne , Arapaho , and Lakota —who occupied parts of present southern Wyoming and northern Colorado. The treaty was part of the government’s efforts to...
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