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archaeology

Walking Colorado: An Introduction to the Origins Section

Added by yongli on 01/20/2017 - 11:41, last changed on 09/02/2017 - 01:07
Hundreds of generations of Native American ancestors are represented in Colorado by scatters of artifacts along with the less portable evidence of shelter, the warmth of hearths, storage needs, and symbolic expression. We learn about them through archaeology and indigenous peoples’ oral traditions...

Antiquities Act

Added by yongli on 05/03/2016 - 15:16, last changed on 09/03/2017 - 01:07
The Antiquities Act, enacted in 1906, was the United States’ first federal law recognizing the importance and value of the places and objects that represent the country’s history and prehistory. The act provided for protection of archaeological and historic sites, and gave the President authority...

Culturally Modified Trees

Added by yongli on 06/23/2016 - 13:38, last changed on 09/06/2017 - 01:07
Culturally Modified Trees (or CMTs) are trees that exhibit peels, ax cuts, delimbing, wood removal, and other cultural modifications. Numerous CMTs are found in the foothills and mountains of Colorado. Research has shown that these trees are artifacts reflecting cultural utilization of trees by...

Dent Site

Added by yongli on 05/09/2016 - 15:35, last changed on 09/02/2017 - 01:07
Early colonists occupied Colorado’s rich and ecologically diverse landscapes in the waning millennia of our planet’s most recent major Ice Age, the Pleistocene, between 14,000 and 12,000 years. Our best-documented evidence for Colorado’s earliest hunter and gatherer inhabitants, people we call...

Denver Museum of Nature & Science

Added by yongli on 11/19/2015 - 16:23, last changed on 10/12/2017 - 01:07
The Denver Museum of Nature & Science (DMNS) is the largest natural history museum between Chicago and the West Coast of the United States. Incorporated on December 6, 1900 as the Colorado Museum of Natural History, the museum was known as the Denver Museum of Natural History throughout much of...

Folsom People

Added by yongli on 06/22/2016 - 14:59, last changed on 10/16/2017 - 01:07
Folsom groups, also called Folsom peoples or Folsom culture, occupied all of Colorado between about 13,000 and 12,000 years ago. They were not the first people in these areas, although they might have been the first in some newly unglaciated portions of the high Rockies. Nevertheless, Folsom...

Franktown Cave

Added by yongli on 06/22/2016 - 13:17, last changed on 08/25/2017 - 20:40
Located two and a half miles southwest of Franktown, Franktown Cave is a prehistoric archaeological site in a large rockshelter that contained artifacts from prehistoric occupations over 8,000 years. Some of the findings include rare perishable artifacts manufactured from hide, wood and fiber, and...

Hannah Marie Wormington

Added by yongli on 11/19/2015 - 16:19, last changed on 08/26/2017 - 15:02
As a pioneering woman in a field dominated by men, Hannah Marie Wormington (1914–94) carved a scholarly niche for herself on the frontiers of American archaeology. She was a larger-than-life figure whose impact went far beyond the dozens of publications she produced to include mentorship for many...

Radiocarbon Dating

Added by yongli on 05/02/2016 - 16:39, last changed on 10/06/2017 - 01:07
Radiocarbon dating is the most common technique used in ascertaining the age of archaeological and paleontological sites during the last 45,000 years. Developed by a chemist born in Colorado, there are now commercial and academic laboratories across the globe that conduct radiocarbon dating...

The Archaic Period in Colorado

Added by yongli on 08/21/2015 - 14:07, last changed on 09/17/2017 - 01:07
The Archaic period is an era in the human history of Colorado dating from ca. 6500 BC–AD 200. It is one of the three prehistoric periods used by archaeologists to characterize broad cultural changes that occurred throughout the Americas. It was preceded by the Paleo-Indian period (ca. 11,500–7000...

Tree-Ring Dating

Added by yongli on 02/25/2016 - 13:19, last changed on 09/17/2017 - 01:07
Tree-ring dating is formally known as “dendrochronology” (literally, the study of tree time). It is the science of assigning calendar-year dates to the growth rings of trees, and Colorado figures prominently in its development and application in archaeology and other disciplines. Uses...

Wickiups and Other Wooden Features

Added by yongli on 05/02/2016 - 16:55, last changed on 08/31/2017 - 08:08
Wickiups were temporary conical and domed shelters constructed by the Native American inhabitants of Colorado for millennia. Because of the perishable nature of their construction materials, a vast majority of wickiups and other prehistoric wooden structures have vanished from the landscape...
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