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Ancestral Puebloan culture

Ancestral Puebloans of the Four Corners Region

Added by yongli on 05/09/2016 - 14:21, last changed on 10/17/2017 - 12:40
Formerly labeled Anasazi, the Ancestral Puebloan culture is the most widely known of the ancient cultures of Colorado. The people who built the cliff dwellings of Mesa Verde and the great houses of Chaco Canyon were subsistence farmers of corn, beans, and squash. The ruins of this culture date to...

Fremont Culture

Added by yongli on 05/03/2016 - 15:31, last changed on 09/03/2017 - 01:07
Although it is on the eastern fringe of the area occupied by a people known to archaeology as the Fremont, Colorado is nevertheless important in the Fremont story, since clues to their origins and end are found there. Additionally, the presence of Fremont farmers had a profound influence on the...

Long House

Added by yongli on 05/04/2017 - 14:42, last changed on 08/26/2017 - 15:55
Long House is the second-largest cliff dwelling in Mesa Verde National Park . Built by Ancestral Puebloans in the 1200s, the 150-room dwelling was rediscovered by the Wetherill brothers and Charles Mason in early 1890. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, it was excavated and eventually opened to...

Lowry Ruin

Added by yongli on 11/20/2015 - 14:09, last changed on 10/18/2017 - 11:59
Named for early homesteader George Lowry, the Lowry ruin near Cortez ( Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, County Rd 7.25, Pleasant View, CO 81331) is a pueblo with thirty-seven rooms, eight kivas, and one Great Kiva. Built between about 1090 and 1120 CE, the Ancestral Puebloan ruin dates to...

Pueblo of Santa Ana–Tamaya

Added by yongli on 06/27/2016 - 15:56, last changed on 09/17/2017 - 01:07
The Pueblo of Santa Ana is one of the seven Keres-speaking Pueblos that currently inhabit the state of New Mexico. The ruins of the homes of the current inhabitants’ ancestors can be found in what is now Mesa Verde National Park in southwestern Colorado. Archaeological data and pueblo oral history...

Sopris Phase

Added by yongli on 11/03/2015 - 10:35, last changed on 08/31/2017 - 06:45
Archaeologists use the term Sopris phase to refer to unique Native American sites found only on the Purgatoire River west of Trinidad, Colorado, and on the upper tributaries of the Canadian River west of Raton and Cimarron, New Mexico (Fig. 1). Sopris people were the only indigenous farmers who...

Spruce Tree House

Added by yongli on 05/05/2017 - 10:51, last changed on 08/31/2017 - 06:45
Spruce Tree House is the third-largest cliff dwelling in Mesa Verde National Park , and the first seen by most visitors because of its location near park headquarters. Built by Ancestral Puebloans in the 1200s, the 114-room dwelling was rediscovered by rancher Richard Wetherill and Charles Mason in...

Tabeguache Cave

Added by yongli on 08/24/2016 - 14:53, last changed on 08/31/2017 - 07:25
Located southwest of Montrose , Tabeguache Cave was used during the Basketmaker II period (400 BCE–400 CE) of the Ancestral Puebloan tradition. Excavated in 1939–41 by the Colorado archaeologist Clarence T. Hurst , it was Hurst’s first excavation in the area and led him to excavate many other...

The Gateway Tradition

Added by yongli on 11/13/2015 - 09:32, last changed on 08/31/2017 - 07:25
The Gateway tradition refers to a set of archaeological sites within western Montrose and San Miguel Counties, Colorado, that appear similar to Pueblo II –period (AD 900–1150) sites to the south in the core homeland of the Ancestral Puebloans (Figs. 1 and 2). The sites in Montrose and San Miguel...

Yucca House National Monument

Added by yongli on 05/02/2016 - 15:29, last changed on 10/17/2017 - 12:37
Yucca House National Monument was established to protect and preserve a large Ancestral Pueblo village south of Cortez in the southwestern corner of Colorado. Yucca House is an important Ancestral Pueblo village based on its size, unique configurations, and prominent, highly visible location in the...

Zia Pueblo

Added by yongli on 05/02/2016 - 15:02, last changed on 10/06/2017 - 01:07
The modern pueblo at Zia is one of nineteen in New Mexico that can trace some part of its history to residence in southwestern Colorado. Located on a mesa above the Jemez River about thirty-five miles northwest of Albuquerque, New Mexico, the pueblo of Zia has been the site of farming settlements...
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