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Conejos Treaty

Added by yongli on 03/12/2020 - 16:03, last changed on 11/12/2022 - 10:05
Signed in October 1863 at Conejos in the San Luis Valley , the Conejos Treaty was an agreement between the US government and the Tabeguache band of Nuche (Ute people). It granted the United States the rights to all land in Colorado’s Rocky Mountains east of the Continental Divide , as well as...

Indian Appropriations Act (1871)

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 10:31, last changed on 01/24/2023 - 17:40
The Indian Appropriations Act of 1871 declared that American Indians were no longer considered members of “sovereign nations” and that the US government could no longer establish treaties with them. The act effectively made Indians wards of the US government and paved the way for other laws that...

Indian Appropriations Act (1871)

Added by yongli on 03/13/2020 - 10:30, last changed on 01/24/2023 - 17:40
The Indian Appropriations Act of 1871 declared that Indigenous people were no longer considered members of “sovereign nations” and that the US government could no longer establish treaties with them. The act effectively made Native Americans wards of the US government and paved the way for other...

Indigenous Treaties in Colorado

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:31, last changed on 11/27/2022 - 08:59
Treaties with Indigenous people played a major role in the conquest and formation of Colorado . Backed by the constant threat of military force, the series of treaties and agreements signed between the federal government and various Indigenous groups between 1849 and 1880 separated Indigenous...

Little Arkansas Treaty

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:37, last changed on 01/26/2023 - 04:40
The Little Arkansas Treaty refers to a pair of treaties signed between the US and Indigenous nations in Kansas in mid-October 1865: one with the Southern Arapaho and Southern Cheyenne nations and one with the Comanche and Kiowa . Of the two, the treaty signed on October 14 with the Cheyenne and...

Sand Creek Massacre

Added by yongli on 09/19/2019 - 13:42, last changed on 11/16/2022 - 08:05
On November 29, 1864, US volunteer cavalry killed at least 230 Cheyenne and Arapaho people—mostly women, children, and the elderly—who were camped peacefully along Sand Creek in what was then Colorado Territory . Learning about the Sand Creek Massacre encourages people to reflect on the ways the...

Teenokuhu (Friday)

Added by yongli on 06/09/2020 - 11:44, last changed on 11/27/2022 - 08:46
Teenokuhu (ca. 1822–81), known to English speakers as “Friday” or “Friday Fitzpatrick,” was a nineteenth-century Northern Arapaho leader. As a boy, Teenokuhu (Arapaho for “sits meekly”) was separated from his band and adopted by Thomas Fitzpatrick, a white trapper who took him to St. Louis. After...
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