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White River Ute Indian Agency

  • White River Ute Indian Agency

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    The ruins of the White River Ute Indian Agency in 1879 shortly after the Meeker Massacre. Courtesy of the Western History Collection, Denver Public Library, X-30699; the original is from Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, December 6, 1879.
    White River Ute Indian Agency
  • Commemorative Marker for the White River Ute Indian Agency
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Fred A. Conetah, A History of the Northern Ute People (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Printing Services, 1982).

Peter Decker, The Utes Must Go! American Expansion and the Removal of a People (Golden, CO: Fulcrum, 2004).

Mark E. Miller, Hollow Victory: The White River Expedition of 1879 and the Battle of Milk Creek (Niwot: University Press of Colorado, 1997).

Robert Silbernagel, Troubled Trails: The Meeker Affair and the Expulsion of Utes from Colorado (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2011).

Marshall Sprague, Massacre: The Tragedy at White River (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1957).

US Office of Indian Affairs, Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs (LROIA) (microfilm), Colorado Superintendency (Washington, DC: National Archives, 1863–1880).

Additional Information: 

Steven G. Baker, “Final Project Report for the 2002–2003 Old Agency Initiative of the Uncompahgre Valley Ute Project. Volume I, Historical Archaeological Exploration and Assessment of the 2nd Los Pinos Indian Agency (5OR139),” Uncompahgre Valley Ute Project Report No. 5, unpublished report on file at History Colorado, Denver (Montrose, CO: Centuries Research, Inc., 2004).

Donald G. Callaway, Joel C. Janetski, and Omer C. Stewart, “Ute,” in Great Basin, ed. Warren L. D’Azevedo, Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 11 (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1986).

James Warren Covington, “Relations Between the Ute Indians and the United States Government, 1848–1900” (PhD dissertation, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, 1949).

Joseph G. Jorgenson, The Sun Dance Religion: Power for the Powerless (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1972).

Virginia McConnell Simmons, The Ute Indians of Utah, Colorado and New Mexico (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2000).

White River Indian Agency (Colorado),”, last modified March 31, 2015.