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Wetlands and Riparian Areas

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  • Photographs of different wetland types around Colorado

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    Photographs of different wetland types around Colorado: (1) riparian area, Moffat County; (2) riparian area along stream in Larimer County;  (3) riparian area, Hinsdale County; Fen, Grand County; (4) salt flat, Alamosa County; (5) marsh and wet meadow, Washington County;  (6) fen, Park County; (7) wet meadow, Boulder County; (8) sloping fen (foreground) and riparian area, Grand County (photo credits: All photos by D. Cooper, except photos 2, 3, 5, 7, and 8 by E. Gage).
    Photographs of different wetland types around Colorado
  • Wetland area by Colorado county

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    Proportion of total county area mapped as wetlands by the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI). Emergent wetlands are dominated by herbaceous plant species, shrub/scrub wetlands are dominated by shrubs, often willow (Salix spp.) species, while forested wetlands support trees.
    Wetland area by Colorado county
  • Wetland area by elevation class

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References: 

R. A. Chimner, J. M. Lemly, and David J. Cooper, “Mountain Fen Distribution, Types and Restoration Priorities, San Juan Mountains, Colorado, USA,” Wetlands 30, no. 4 (2010).

David J. Cooper, “Ecology of Wetlands in Big Meadows, Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado” (Washington, DC: US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1990).

David J. Cooper, “Water and Soil Chemistry, Floristics, and Phytosociology of the Extreme Rich High Creek Fen, in South Park, Colorado, USA,” Canadian Journal of Botany 74, no. 11 (1996).

David J. Cooper, D. C. Andersen, and R. A. Chimner, “Multiple Pathways for Woody Plant Establishment on Floodplains at Local to Regional Scales,” Journal of Ecology 91 (2003).

David J. Cooper, R. A. Chimner, and D. M. Merritt, “Western Mountain Wetlands," in Wetland Habitats of North America Ecology and Conservation Concerns, eds. Darold P. Batzer and Andrew H. Baldwin (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012).

Thomas E. Dahl, “Wetlands Losses in the United States, 1780s to 1980s” (Washington, DC: US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1990).

E. A. Gage and David J. Cooper, “Historical Range of Variation Assessment for Wetland and Riparian Ecosystems, US Forest Service Rocky Mountain Region” (Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, 2013).

G. L. Katz, J. M. Friedman, and S. W. Beatty, “Delayed Effects of Flood Control on a Flood-Dependent Riparian Forest,” Ecological Applications 15, no. 3 (2005).

W. J. Mitsch and J. G. Gosselink, Wetlands (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2007).

Virginia McConnell Simmons, “The Source of Bayou Salado,” letter, Colorado Central Magazine, September 1, 2006.

Jeremy P. Sueltenfuss, David J. Cooper, Richard L. Knight, and Reagan M. Waskom, “The Creation and Maintenance of Wetland Ecosystems from Irrigation Canal and Reservoir Seepage in a Semi-Arid Landscape,” Wetlands 33, no. 5 (2013).

T. C. Winter, “The Concept of Hydrologic Landscapes,” Journal of the American Water Resources Association 37 (2001).

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