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  • Chief Ouray and Chipeta

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    Chief Ouray, pictured here with his wife Chipeta, was one of the most influential leaders of the Northern Ute people in the late nineteenth century. A known intellectual and skilled diplomat, Ouray negotiated treaties and attempted to avoid conflict with whites wherever possible. After the Meeker Massacre of 1879, Ouray negotiated for the return of several white hostages, helping avoid further bloodshed between whites and his people.
    Chief Ouray and Chipeta
  • Ouray and subchiefs, 1873

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    Ute Indians and agents in Washington, DC after conclusion of the 1873 Brunot Agreement. Front row, left to right: Guero, Chipeta, Ouray, and Piah; second row: Uriah M. Curtis, James B. Thompson, Charles Adams, and Otto Mears; back row: Washington, Susan (Ouray’s sister), Johnson, Jack, and John.
    Ouray and subchiefs, 1873

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References: 

Steven G. Baker, “A Thirty-Year Perspective on the Uncompahgre Valley Ute Project, Western Colorado,” Society for Historical Archaeology Newsletter 40, no. 4 (Winter 2007).

Peter R. Decker, “The Utes Must Go!” American Expansion and the Removal of a People (Golden, CO: Fulcrum, 2004).

Albert B. Reagan, “Chipeta Queen of the Utes, and Her Equally Illustrious Husband, Noted Chief Ouray,” Utah Historical Quarterly 6, no. 3 (1933).

Rio Blanco County Historical Society, “The Meeker Massacre and the Battle of Milk Creek,” n.d.

Wilson Rockwell, The Utes: A Forgotten People (Denver: Sage Books, 1956).

Virginia McConnell Simmons, The Ute Indians of Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2000).

P. David Smith, Ouray: Chief of the Utes (Ouray, CO: Wayfinder, 1986).

Steve Walsh, Chief Ouray: Ute Chief and Man of Peace (Palmer Lake, CO: Filter Press, 2011).

Additional Information: 

Tom Noel, “Colorado’s Ouray: Chief of the Utes and Complicated Man,” Denver Public Library (blog), May 22, 2013.

Ouray County Museum

Town of Ouray, “Ouray’s History Timeline”

Ute Indian Museum (History Colorado)

Ute Indian Tribe

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