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Left Hand (Niwot)

  • Arapaho and Cheyenne Delegation at Camp Weld, 1864

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    The Arapaho and Cheyenne delegation at Camp Weld in September 1864. Kneeling in front are Major Edward W. Wynkoop (left) and Captain Silas Soule. The seated delegates are (l-r) Neva, Bull Bear, Black Kettle, White Antelope, and No-ta-nee. Standing in back are (l-r) unidentified, Dexter Colley, John Smith, Heap of Buffalo, Bosse, Colorado Territorial Secretary Samuel Elbert, unidentified.
    Arapaho and Cheyenne Delegation at Camp Weld, 1864
  • Cheyenne and Arapaho Arrive in Denver, 1864
  • Arapaho Camp, 1858

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    Arapaho camp across Cherry Creek from the gold seekers camp in 1858.
    Arapaho Camp, 1858
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Margaret Coel, Chief Left Hand (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981).

“Massacre of the Cheyenne Indians,” Report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, Senate Report 142, 38th Congress, 2nd session, 3 (Washington, DC: US Congress, Senate, 1865).

Albert D. Richardson, Beyond the Mississippi (Hanford, CT: American Publishing, 1869).

“Sand Creek Massacre,” Report of the Secretary of War, Senate Executive Document 26, 39th Congress, 2nd session (Washington, DC: US Congress, Senate, 1867).

Additional Information: 

Cheyenne & Arapaho Tribes, “Historical Photograph Collection.”

National Park Service, “Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site, Colorado,” last modified October 23, 2015.

Reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1863–1864 (Washington, DC: US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs).

Rocky Mountain News, Denver, April 25, 1859 to January 3, 1865.