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Eagle County

  • Eagle County

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    Eagle County, formed in 1883, covers 1,692 square miles of mountainous terrain in northwest Colorado.
    Eagle County
  • Eagle County

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    The geography of Eagle County includes the Eagle and Colorado River valleys, as well as the Gore Range to the northeast and the northern Sawatch Mountains to the southeast.
    Eagle County
  • Eagle, c. 1910

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    Eagle, one of several homestead towns settled along the Eagle River during the 1880s, went through several names before Eagle was chosen in 1905. This photo, taken around 1910, shows several businesses, including a general merchandise store (first building on left) and Frank's Restaurant (fourth or fifth building on right).
    Eagle, c. 1910
  • Mount of the Holy Cross

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    At 14,011 feet, Mount of the Holy Cross towers above the surrounding White River National Forest. The iconic, cross-shaped snowfield near the summit has drawn thousands of visitors since it was first photographed by William Henry Jackson in 1873. This photo dates to the late nineteenth century and may have been one of the first that Jackson took of the mountain.
    Mount of the Holy Cross
  • Mining Camp, Eagle County
  • Red Cliff

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    In 1874 prospectors found silver ore on the west side of Battle Mountain near present-day Minturn. They set up a camp that became the town of Red Cliff in 1879. This early photo of Red Cliff shows some of the West's famous false-front buildings along the main street, as well as several buildings under construction, including a two-story structure at bottom left.
    Red Cliff
  • Climbing Mount of the Holy Cross
  • Basalt, c. 1900

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    The Eagle County town of Basalt, shown here around 1900, lies about a dozen miles northwest of Aspen at the junction of Fryingpan and Roaring Fork Rivers. The beehive-shaped structures in the foreground are ovens used to produce coke, a coal-based fuel that burns hotter and was sent to silver smelters in Aspen. The Roaring Fork River is seen at left, and the Fryingpan River flows through the foreground behind the coke ovens. A freight train rolls along tracks at center and houses are clustered on the hillside to the right.
    Basalt, c. 1900
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Kevin Blake, “Imagining Heaven and Earth at Mount of the Holy Cross, Colorado,” Journal of Cultural Geography 24, no. 2 (Spring/Summer 2007).

Dante Chinni, “After Years of Economic Hardship in Eagle, Colo.: Resignation,” The Rundown (blog), PBS Newshour, May 24, 2011.

Economic Council of Eagle County and Vail Valley Partnership, “The Eagle County Economic Development Plan,” September 2013.

Kathy Heicher, “10,000 Years of Human History,” interpretative sign, Colorado State Parks (n.d.).

Kathy Heicher, Early Eagle, Images of America Series (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2010).

Larry Olmsted, “The King of American Ski Resorts: Vail in Colorado,” Forbes, March 6, 2015.

William Philpott, Vacationland: Tourism and Environment in the Colorado High Country (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2013).

Virginia McConnell Simmons, The Ute Indians of Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2000).

June B. Simonton, Vail: Story of a Colorado Mountain Valley (Dallas, TX: Taylor Publishing, 1987).

Bruce Strasinger, A History of Mining in Eagle County, Colorado (Eagle County, CO: Bruce Strasinger, 2003).

Aldo Svaldi, “Vail Reports Record Number of Visitors,” The Denver Post, June 9, 2011.

Eagle History,” Town of Eagle (n.d.).

US Department of Agriculture, “2012 Census of Agriculture County Profile: Eagle County Colorado,” National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Shirley Welch, The Eagle River Valley, Images of America Series (Charleston, CS: Arcadia Publishing, 2008).

Melanie Wong, “Forecast: Valley Population Set to Grow,” Vail Daily, January 4, 2016.

Additional Information: 

Beaver Creek Resort

Eagle County

Eagle County Historical Society

Eagle–Holy Cross Ranger District, White River National Forest

Richard Hauserman, The Inventors of Vail (Edwards, CO; Golden Peak Publishing, 2000).

Kathy Heicher, Eagle County Characters (Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2013).

Kathy Heicher, The Bridges of Eagle County: A Story of Pioneers, Politics, and Progress (Denver: Colorado Department of Transportation, 2015).

Richard Perske, Boom Town to Ghost Town: The Story of Fulford (Eagle, CO: Eagle County Historical Society, 2015).

William Philpott, “Visions of a Changing Vail: Fast-Growth Fallout in a Colorado Resort Town” (Master’s thesis, University of Wisconsin, 1994).

Town of Eagle

Town of Edwards

Town of Gypsum

Town of Minturn

Vail Mountain Resort

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