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Brunot Agreement

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  • Ouray and subchiefs, 1873

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    Ute Indians and agents in Washington, DC after conclusion of the 1873 Brunot Agreement. Front row, left to right: Guero, Chipeta, Ouray, and Piah; second row: Uriah M. Curtis, James B. Thompson, Charles Adams, and Otto Mears; back row: Washington, Susan (Ouray’s sister), Johnson, Jack, and John.
    Ouray and subchiefs, 1873
  • Ute Camp at Los Pinos

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References: 

Charles Adams, Indian agent, Los Piños Agency, “Letter to S. H. Elbert, Governor of Colorado, Denver, Colorado, April 28, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Charles Adams, Indian agent, Los Piños Agency, “Letter to Jerome B. Chaffee, Denver, Colorado, April 29, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Charles Adams, Indian agent, Los Piños Agency, “Letter to Edward P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, May 7, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Charles Adams, Indian agent, Los Piños Agency, “Letter to Edward P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, June 24, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Charles Adams, Indian agent, Los Piños Agency, “Letter to H. R. Clum, Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs, August 16, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Charles Adams, Indian agent, Los Piños Agency, “Letter to Edward P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, September 21, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Henry F. Bond, Indian agent, Los Piños Indian Agency, “Letter to Edward P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, August 3, 1874” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Henry F. Bond, Indian agent, Los Piños Indian Agency, “Letter to Edward P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, December 18, 1875” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 206).

Henry F. Bond, Indian agent, Los Piños Indian Agency, “Letter to J. Q. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, May 24, 1876” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 206).

Felix R. Brunot, chairman of the Board of Indian Commissioners, “Letter to Columbus Delano, Secretary of the Interior, May 24, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Jerome B. Chaffee, delegate, Colorado Territory, “Letter to Columbus Delano, Secretary of the Interior, May 15, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Thomas K. Cree, secretary, Board of Indian Commissioners, “Letter to Edward P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, June 27, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Thomas K. Cree, secretary of the Commission to Negotiate with the Ute Tribe, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, “Interview with Ouray, Chief of the Utes, Cheyenne, Wyoming, June 24–25, 1873,” in Report of the Commission to Negotiate with the Ute Tribe of Indians, October 15, 1873, Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the Year 1873 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1874).

Thomas K. Cree, secretary of the Commission to Negotiate with the Ute Tribe, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, “Minutes of the Council Held with the Ute Indians, at Los Piños Agency, Colorado, September 6–12, 1873,” Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the Year 1873 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1874).

Thomas K. Cree, secretary of the Commission to Negotiate with the Ute Tribe, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, “Report of the Commission to Negotiate with the Ute Tribe of Indians, October 15, 1873,” Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior for the Year 1873 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1874).

Columbus Delano, Secretary of the Interior, “Letter to Edward P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, June 20, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Charles J. Kappler, compiler, “An Act to Ratify an Agreement with Certain Ute Indians in Colorado, and to Make an Appropriation for Carrying Out the Same, April 29, 1874,” Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, vol. 1 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1904).

Allen Nossaman, Many More Mountains, vol. 1: Silverton’s Roots (Durango, CO: Allen Nossaman, 2006).

Major William Redwood Price, “Letter to Lt. William J. Sartte, AAA Genl., District of New Mexico, September 7, 1872” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

Edward P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, “Letter to Felix R. Brunot and Nathan Bishop, June 21, 1873” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 203).

James B. Thompson, special agent, Special Indian Agency, Denver, “Letter to the President, December 15, 1875” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 206).

J. A. Williamson, Secretary of the Interior, “Letter to J. Q. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, July 24, 1876” (Washington, DC: National Archives, Microcopy 234, Roll 206).

Additional Information: 

Peter Decker, “The Utes Must Go! American Expansion and the Removal of a People (Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 2004).

James Jefferson, Robert W. Delaney, and Gregory C. Thompson, The Southern Utes: A Tribal History (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Printing Services, 1972).

Jan Petit, Utes, the Mountain People (Boulder, CO: Johnson Printing, 1982).

Virginia McConnell Simmons, The Ute Indians of Utah, Colorado and New Mexico (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2000).

Southern Ute Tribe, “2013 – 2014 Brunot Area Hunting & Fishing Proclamation for Brunot Area Hunting & Fishing by Southern Ute Tribal Members,” July 2013.

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